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Uta Hagen Uta Hagen 1919 - 2004 Actress and theatre practitioner
Magda Goebbels Magda Goebbels 1901 - 1945 Wife of Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel 1770 - 1831 German idealism, dialectical logic
Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia 1772 - 1806 Soldier and musician
Sigurd Ibsen Sigurd Ibsen 1859 - 1930 Prime minister of Norway in Stockholm
Bert Trautmann Bert Trautmann 1923 - 2013 Footballer for Manchester City
Paul Hausser Paul Hausser 1880 - 1972 Waffen-SS commander
Helmuth von Moltke the Elder Helmuth von Moltke the Elder 1800 - 1891 Chief of the Prussian and German General Staff
Karlheinz Bohm Karlheinz Bohm 1928 - 2014 actor and founder of Menschen für Menschen
Carl Friedrich Gauss Carl Friedrich Gauss 1777 - 1855 Mathematics and sciences
Hans Oster Hans Oster 1887 - 1945 Deputy head of the Abwehr
Joseph Pilates Joseph Pilates 1883 - 1967 Physical trainer and inventor of the Pilates
Theodor Schwann Theodor Schwann 1810 - 1882 Physiologist and founder of modern histology
Hans Frank Hans Frank 1900 - 1946 Governor-General of occupied Poland
Rob Pilatus Rob Pilatus 1965 - 1998 Member of Milli Vanilli
Hans Morgenthau Hans Morgenthau 1904 - 1980 Political scientist and historian
Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark 1914 - 2001 Princess of Hesse-Kassel and Hanover
Wojciech Dlugoraj Wojciech Dlugoraj 1557 - 1619 Renaissance composer and lutenist
Andrzej Badenski Andrzej Badenski 1943 - 2008 400 metres runner
Otto Hahn Otto Hahn 1879 - 1968 Chemist and pioneer of radioactivity
Jan Nepomucen Bobrowicz Jan Nepomucen Bobrowicz 1805 - 1881 Composer, publisher, guitar virtuoso
Ansgar Ansgar 801 - 865 Missionary and archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen
Justus von Liebig Justus von Liebig 1803 - 1873 Chemist and agricultural scientist
Alfred Wegener Alfred Wegener 1880 - 1930 Continental drift theory
Robert Bunsen Robert Bunsen 1811 - 1899 Chemist and inventor
Otto von Bismarck Otto von Bismarck 1815 - 1898 Chancellor of Germany, unifier of Germany
Birol Unel Birol Unel 1961 - 2020 Actor
Paul von Hindenburg Paul von Hindenburg 1847 - 1934 Field marshal and president of Germany
Heinrich Heine Heinrich Heine 1797 - 1856 Poet, writer and literary critic
Julius Streicher Julius Streicher 1885 - 1946 Publisher of Der Stürmer
Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Luneburg-Celle Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Luneburg-Celle 1666 - 1726 Electoral Princess of Hanover
Manfred Rommel Manfred Rommel 1928 - 2013 Mayor of Stuttgart
Willy Brandt Willy Brandt 1913 - 1992 Chancellor of West Germany
Yury Luzhkov Yury Luzhkov 1936 - 2019 Mayor of Moscow
Franz Marc Franz Marc 1880 - 1916 German Expressionist painter and printmaker
Helmut Kohl Helmut Kohl 1930 - 2017 Chancellor of Germany
George Muller George Muller 1805 - 1898 Christian evangelist and director of the Ashley
Richard Wagner Richard Wagner 1813 - 1883 Composer of operas and music dramas
Hans-Georg Gadamer Hans-Georg Gadamer 1900 - 2002 Philosophical hermeneutics
Karl Friedrich May Karl Friedrich May 1842 - 1912 Author of travel and adventure stories
Nicole Brown Simpson Nicole Brown Simpson 1959 - 1994 Actress and Ex-wife of O.J. Simpson
Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi 1804 - 1851 Mathematician
Werner Karl Heisenberg Werner Karl Heisenberg 1901 - 1976 Theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate
Marwan Kassab-Bachi Marwan Kassab-Bachi 1934 - 2016 Painter
Bert Kaempfert Bert Kaempfert 1923 - 1980 Orchestra leader, music producer
Friedrich Holderlin Friedrich Holderlin 1770 - 1843 Poet and philosopher
Edith Frank Edith Frank 1900 - 1945 Mother of Anne and Margot Frank
Nathan Mayer Rothschild Nathan Mayer Rothschild 1777 - 1836 Founder of the English branch
Gustav Stresemann Gustav Stresemann 1878 - 1929 Chancellor
Johann Conrad Schlaun Johann Conrad Schlaun 1695 - 1773 Architect of the Westphalian Baroque style
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha 1719 - 1772 Princess of Wales
Otto the Great Otto the Great 912 - 973 Holy Roman Emperor and King of Germany
Alexandru Ioan Cuza Alexandru Ioan Cuza 1820 - 1873 Prince
Gertrud Arndt Gertrud Arndt 1903 - 2000 Bauhaus movement
Princess Feodora of Leiningen Princess Feodora of Leiningen 1802 - 1872 Queen Victoria's half-sister
Caroline Herschel Caroline Herschel 1750 - 1848 Astronomer and comet discoverer
Hermann Hesse Hermann Hesse 1877 - 1962 Writer, poet, novelist
Hermann Ebbinghaus Hermann Ebbinghaus 1850 - 1909 Experimental study of memory
Max Schmeling Max Schmeling 1905 - 2005 Heavyweight champion of the world
Halet Cambel Halet Cambel 1916 - 2014 Archaeologist and Olympic fencer
Heinrich Schliemann Heinrich Schliemann 1822 - 1890 Archaeological excavator of Troy, Mycenae
Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen 1845 - 1923 Discoverer of X-rays
Hans Holbein the Younger Hans Holbein the Younger 1497 - 1543 Portraitist and printmaker
Emmy Noether Emmy Noether 1882 - 1935 Abstract algebra and theoretical physics
Henning von Tresckow Henning von Tresckow 1901 - 1944 Major general in the German Army
Gotthold Ephraim Lessing Gotthold Ephraim Lessing 1729 - 1781 Playwright, critic, and philosopher
Harald Quandt Harald Quandt 1921 - 1967 Industrialist
Charlemagne Charlemagne 747 - 814 Emperor of the Romans, King of the Franks
Nwafor Orizu Nwafor Orizu 1914 - 1999 President of the Nigerian Senate
Herbert Marcuse Herbert Marcuse 1898 - 1979 Political philosopher and social theorist
Gunther Behnisch Gunther Behnisch 1922 - 2010 Architect of Olympic Park in Munich
Franz Halder Franz Halder 1884 - 1972 Chief of the Army General Staff
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Ernst Ludwig Kirchner 1880 - 1938 Painter and printmaker
Erich Johann Albert Raeder Erich Johann Albert Raeder 1876 - 1960 Commander-in-chief of the Kriegsmarine
Fanny Mendelssohn Fanny Mendelssohn 1805 - 1847 Composer and pianist of the early Romantic era
Princess Marie-Auguste of Anhalt Princess Marie-Auguste of Anhalt 1898 - 1983 Princess of Prussia
Frederick the Great Frederick the Great 1712 - 1786 King of Prussia and military leader
Georg Simmel Georg Simmel 1858 - 1918 Sociologist and philosopher
William Herschel William Herschel 1738 - 1822 Founder of sidereal astronomy
Stefan Askenase Stefan Askenase 1896 - 1985 Classical pianist and pedagogue
Gunter Meisner Gunter Meisner 1926 - 1994 Character actor
Edda Goring Edda Goring 1938 - 2018 Law clerk
Herbert von Bismarck Herbert von Bismarck 1849 - 1904 Foreign Secretary of Germany
Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1770 - 1827
Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant 1724 - 1804 Philosopher of the Enlightenment
Charlemagne Charlemagne 742 - 814 Ruler of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor
Leni Riefenstahl Leni Riefenstahl 1902 - 2003 Nazi propaganda films
Louise of Hesse-Kassel Louise of Hesse-Kassel 1817 - 1898 Queen consort of Denmark
Adam Weishaupt Adam Weishaupt 1748 - 1830 Founder of the Illuminati
Charles Bukowski Charles Bukowski 1920 - 1994 Poet, novelist, short story writer, columnist
Alexander Gorchakov Alexander Gorchakov 1798 - 1883 Foreign minister of the Russian Empire
Ernst Lubitsch Ernst Lubitsch 1892 - 1947 Film director, producer, writer, actor
Wilhelm Furtwangler Wilhelm Furtwangler 1886 - 1954 Symphonic and operatic conductor
Erwin Rommel Erwin Rommel 1891 - 1944 Military General
Matthaus Daniel Poppelmann Matthaus Daniel Poppelmann 1662 - 1736 Architect of the Zwinger Palace
Baron Munchausen Baron Munchausen 1720 - 1797 Nobleman and soldier
Wilhelm Wundt Wilhelm Wundt 1832 - 1920 Founder of experimental psychology, Structuralism
Pina Bausch Pina Bausch 1940 - 2009 Tanztheater Wuppertal founder and director
Klaus Nomi Klaus Nomi 1944 - 1983 New wave synthpop opera experimental baroque
Karl Lagerfeld Karl Lagerfeld 1933 - 2019 Creative director of Chanel and Fendi
Ossy Chinedu Prestige Ossy Chinedu Prestige 1965 - 2021 Businessman and legislator
Thomas Mann Thomas Mann 1875 - 1955 Novelist and essayist
Oswald Spengler Oswald Spengler 1880 - 1936 Author of The Decline of the West
Curd Jurgens Curd Jurgens 1915 - 1982 Film and stage actor
Ovid Samuel Crohmalnicean Ovid Samuel Crohmalnicean 1921 - 2000 Literary Critic
Samuel Hahnemann Samuel Hahnemann 1755 - 1843 Founder of homeopathy
Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg 1772 - 1801 Romantic poet and philosopher
Safiye Ali Safiye Ali 1894 - 1952 Physician
Alexandra Feodorovna Alexandra Feodorovna 1872 - 1918 Empress consort of Russia
George V of Hanover George V of Hanover 1819 - 1878 King of Hanover
Oskar Fischinger Oskar Fischinger 1900 - 1967 Abstract animator, filmmaker, painter
Prince Maximilian of Baden Prince Maximilian of Baden 1867 - 1929 Chancellor of Germany and Minister
Jean de Labadie Jean de Labadie 1610 - 1674 Founder of the Labadists
Charles the Fat Charles the Fat 839 - 888 Emperor of the Carolingian Empire
Hildegard of Bingen Hildegard of Bingen 1098 - 1179 Benedictine abbess and polymath
Kabir Stori Kabir Stori 1942 - 2006 Writer, Poet
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen 1792 - 1849 Queen consort of the United Kingdom and Hanover
Hermann Wilhelm Goring Hermann Wilhelm Goring 1893 - 1946 Nazi Party leader and Luftwaffe commander
Ralph Henry Baer Ralph Henry Baer 1922 - 2014 Inventor of the first home video game console
Katharina von Bora Katharina von Bora 1499 - 1552 Reformer's wife
Francisco Andrade Francisco Andrade 1856 - 1921 Opera singer
Leo Strauss Leo Strauss 1899 - 1973 Political philosopher and classical scholar
Wilhelm II Wilhelm II 1859 - 1941 German Emperor and King of Prussia
Fritz Todt Fritz Todt 1891 - 1942 Construction engineer and senior Nazi figure
Willem Frederik Willem Frederik 1772 - 1843 the first King of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Josef Mengele Josef Mengele 1911 - 1979 Nazi physician and SS officer at Auschwitz
Johann Sebastian Bach Johann Sebastian Bach 1685 - 1750 Baroque composer and organist
Jakob Savinsek Jakob Savinsek 1922 - 1961 Sculptor
Dieter Laser Dieter Laser 1942 - 2020 Actor
Yehudi Menuhin Yehudi Menuhin 1916 - 1999 violinist and conductor
Eugenio Coseriu Eugenio Coseriu 1921 - 2002 Linguist
Bernhard Riemann Bernhard Riemann 1826 - 1866 Analysis, number theory, differential geometry
Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1908 - 1972 Princess of Sweden
Balthasar Neumann Balthasar Neumann 1687 - 1753 Baroque architecture
Sepp Dietrich Sepp Dietrich 1892 - 1966 SS commander and Nazi politician
Karen Horney Karen Horney 1885 - 1952 Psychoanalyst and feminist theorist
Florian Schneider-Esleben Florian Schneider-Esleben 1947 - 2020 Electronic music pioneer
Diem Brown Diem Brown 1980 - 2014 Reality television personality
Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1784 - 1844 Monarch and reformer
Hannah Arendt Hannah Arendt 1906 - 1975 Political theorist, philosopher
Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg 1800 - 1831 Duchess consort of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Walter Richard Sickert Walter Richard Sickert 1860 - 1942 Post-Impressionist painter and printmaker
Karl Friedrich Otto Wolff Karl Friedrich Otto Wolff 1900 - 1984 Chief of Personal Staff Reichsführer-SS
Karl Friedrich Schinkel Karl Friedrich Schinkel 1781 - 1841 Architect and painter of Neoclassical
Heinrich Boll Heinrich Boll 1917 - 1985 Writer and Nobel laureate
Max Ernst Max Ernst 1891 - 1976 Painter, sculptor, poet
Leopold von Ranke Leopold von Ranke 1795 - 1886 founder of modern source-based history
Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim 1486 - 1535 Occult writer, theologian, physician
Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg 1868 - 1914 Wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
Ferdinand von Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin 1838 - 1917 Inventor of rigid airships
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Top 10 Died Influential People

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  • 1. Albert Einstein

    Died: 1955 A.D
    Slogan: The most incomprehensible thing about the world is that it is comprehensible.

    Albert Einstein was one of the most influential and renowned physicists of the 20th century. He was born in Ulm, Germany, on March 14, 1879, to a Jewish family. He showed an early interest in mathematics and physics, but had difficulty with the rigid schooling system. He moved to Switzerland in 1895 and enrolled in the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, where he met his first wife, Mileva Marić, a fellow physics student. He graduated in 1900 with a diploma in physics, but had trouble finding an academic position. He worked as a patent clerk in Bern from 1902 to 1909, while pursuing his own research in his spare time. In 1905, he published four groundbreaking papers on the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, special relativity, and mass-energy equivalence, which earned him the reputation of a scientific genius. He received his PhD from the University of Zurich in 1905, and became a lecturer at the University of Bern in 1908. He moved to Prague in 1911 as a full professor, and then returned to Zurich in 1912 as a professor of theoretical physics. In 1914, he accepted a prestigious position at the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin, where he worked until 1933. He also became a German citizen in 1914, but renounced it in 1933 when Adolf Hitler came to power. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect, and his contributions to theoretical physics. He developed the general theory of relativity, a more comprehensive theory of gravity, between 1907 and 1915, which was confirmed by the observation of the bending of light by the Sun during a solar eclipse in 1919. He also made significant contributions to quantum mechanics, cosmology, statistical mechanics, and the unified field theory. He was a pacifist and a humanitarian, who advocated for social justice, civil rights, and nuclear disarmament. He was a supporter of the Zionist movement, and was offered the presidency of Israel in 1952, which he politely declined. He moved to the United States in 1933, where he joined the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. He became an American citizen in 1940, and remained at Princeton until his death. He was involved in the Manhattan Project, which developed the atomic bomb, but later regretted his role and warned of the dangers of nuclear weapons. He died of an abdominal aortic aneurysm on April 18, 1955, at the age of 76, in Princeton Hospital. He left behind a legacy of scientific discoveries and insights that have shaped our understanding of the universe and inspired generations of scientists and thinkers.

  • 2. Friedrich Nietzsche

    Died: 1900 A.D
    Slogan: That which does not kill us makes us stronger

    Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher who challenged the foundations of traditional Western thought and morality. He was born in 1844 in a small town near Leipzig, where his father was a Lutheran pastor. He studied classical philology at the universities of Bonn and Leipzig, and became a professor of Greek at the University of Basel in Switzerland at the age of 24. He resigned from his position in 1879 due to health problems that plagued him most of his life. He spent the next decade traveling and writing prolifically on various topics, such as art, history, religion, culture, and philosophy. His main works include The Birth of Tragedy, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Beyond Good and Evil, On the Genealogy of Morals, The Antichrist, and Ecce Homo. He developed original and provocative ideas, such as the death of God, the Übermensch, the eternal return, the will to power, the master-slave morality, and the transvaluation of values. He also criticized Christianity, democracy, nationalism, and modernity as manifestations of decadence and nihilism. He suffered a mental breakdown in 1889 and spent his last years in the care of his mother and sister. He died in 1900 in Weimar from pneumonia and multiple strokes. His sister Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche edited his unpublished writings and promoted his philosophy to the public. However, she also distorted his views and associated them with Nazism and fascism. Nietzsche's philosophy has been widely influential and controversial in various fields of art, literature, psychology, politics, and culture. He is regarded as one of the most original and profound thinkers of modern times.

  • 3. Ludwig van Beethoven

    Died: 1827 A.D
    Slogan:

  • 4. Hermann Hesse

    Died: 1962 A.D
    Slogan: Some of us think holding on makes us strong; but sometimes it is letting go

    Hermann Hesse was a German-Swiss writer and poet who explored the themes of individuality, spirituality, and self-knowledge in his novels and poems. He was born in 1877 in Calw, Germany, to a family of Protestant missionaries. He had a rebellious and restless childhood, often clashing with his parents and teachers. He attempted suicide at the age of 15 and was sent to a mental institution. He later ran away from school and worked as a bookseller, mechanic, and clockmaker. Hesse began writing poetry and fiction in his early twenties. His first novel, Peter Camenzind (1904), was a success and allowed him to pursue writing full-time. He traveled extensively in Europe and Asia, seeking inspiration and spiritual enlightenment. He was influenced by various philosophical and religious traditions, such as Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, and Jungian psychology. He also developed an interest in painting and music. Some of his most famous works include Demian (1919), a coming-of-age story that reflects his own inner struggles; Siddhartha (1922), a spiritual journey of a young man in ancient India; Steppenwolf (1927), a psychological portrait of a lonely and tormented intellectual; Narcissus and Goldmund (1930), a contrast between two medieval friends with different paths in life; and The Glass Bead Game (1943), a utopian novel set in a futuristic society devoted to intellectual pursuits. Hesse was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1946 for his contribution to German literature. He also received the Goethe Prize and the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade. He was admired by many readers and writers around the world, especially during the 1960s counterculture movement. He died in 1962 in Montagnola, Switzerland, where he had lived since 1919. He is buried at the Sant'Abbondio Cemetery in Gentilino.

  • 5. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

    Died: 1832 A.D
    Slogan: Whatever you can do or dream you can do – begin it. Boldness has genius and power and magic in it

    Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer, poet, dramatist, and philosopher. He is considered one of the greatest literary figures of the modern era. His works span various genres, including poetry, novels, plays, essays, and scientific treatises. He is best known for his two-part drama Faust, which he started around 1775 and completed shortly before his death in 1832. Faust is a tragic play that explores the themes of human nature, free will, and the quest for knowledge and happiness. Goethe also wrote other influential works, such as The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774), a novel that sparked a wave of emotion and suicide among young readers; Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship (1795-1796), a novel that depicts the education and development of an artist; and Theory of Colours (1810), a scientific work that challenged Newton's theory of light and color. Goethe was also a statesman who served as a minister in the court of Duke Karl August of Saxe-Weimar. He was involved in various political and cultural affairs, such as the reopening of silver mines, the reform of the university of Jena, and the planning of a botanical park. He also traveled extensively throughout Europe, especially to Italy, where he was inspired by the art and culture of the classical era. Goethe had a rich and complex personal life. He had many romantic relationships with women, some of whom inspired his literary works. He married Christiane Vulpius in 1806, after living with her for 18 years and having a son with her. He also had a close friendship with Friedrich Schiller, another prominent German writer and philosopher. They collaborated on several projects and influenced each other's works. Goethe died in 1832 at the age of 82 in Weimar. He was buried in the Vault of the Princes in the Historical Cemetery. His legacy is immense and lasting. He is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the German language and one of the most influential thinkers in Western civilization. His works have been translated into many languages and adapted into various forms of art, such as opera, film, and music. He also inspired many writers and artists who came after him, such as Thomas Mann, Herman Hesse, Franz Kafka, Gustav Mahler, and Paul Klee.

  • 6. Heinrich Rudolf Hertz

    Died: 1894 A.D
    Slogan: We have no right to assume that any physical laws exist, or if they have existed up to now

    Heinrich Hertz was a German physicist who made groundbreaking contributions to the field of electromagnetism. He was the first to conclusively prove the existence of electromagnetic waves by generating and detecting them in his laboratory. He also discovered the photoelectric effect, which showed that light can eject electrons from a metal surface. His experiments confirmed the validity of James Clerk Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism and paved the way for the development of radio, television, radar, and other wireless technologies. Hertz was also interested in contact mechanics, optics, meteorology, and geophysics. He published several papers and books on his research, including Electric Waves (1893) and Principles of Mechanics (1894). He received many honors and awards for his work, such as the Matteucci Medal (1888) and the Rumford Medal (1890). He died at the age of 36 from blood poisoning caused by an infection in a wound he received while working on a cathode ray tube. He was buried in Ohlsdorf Cemetery in Hamburg, where a monument was erected in his memory. His name is commemorated in the SI unit of frequency, the hertz (Hz), which is equal to one cycle per second. He is widely regarded as one of the founders of modern physics and one of the greatest scientists of all time.

  • 7. Karl Lagerfeld

    Died: 2019 A.D
    Slogan: What I like about photographs is that they capture a moment that’s gone forever

    Karl Lagerfeld was one of the most influential and celebrated fashion designers of the 21st century. He was born in Hamburg, Germany, in 1933, and showed an early interest in art and design. He moved to Paris at the age of 14 and studied at the Lycée Montaigne. He began his career in fashion in the 1950s, working as an assistant to Pierre Balmain and later Jean Patou. He also freelanced for various labels, including Valentino, Krizia, and Chloé². In 1965, he joined Fendi as a creative director, where he introduced the use of fur as a fashion material and created the double F logo². In 1983, he became the creative director of Chanel, the legendary French fashion house founded by Coco Chanel. He was credited with reviving the brand's image and popularity, by introducing new elements such as tweed suits, quilted bags, and interlocking C logos. He also launched his own label, Karl Lagerfeld, in 1984, which offered a more accessible and casual line of clothing and accessories². Lagerfeld was not only a fashion designer, but also a photographer, publisher, and book collector. He shot many of his own advertising campaigns and published several books of his photographs. He also owned one of the largest private libraries in the world, with over 300,000 books². He was known for his distinctive style and appearance, which included a white ponytail, black sunglasses, fingerless gloves, and high-collared shirts². Lagerfeld died on 19 February 2019, at the age of 85, after suffering from pancreatic cancer¹. He was widely mourned and praised by the fashion industry and celebrities. He left behind a legacy of creativity, innovation, and elegance that shaped the world of fashion for decades¹.

  • 8. Max Born

    Died: 1970 A.D
    Slogan: There are two objectionable types of believers: those who believe the incredible

    Max Born was a German-British physicist and mathematician who made significant contributions to the fields of quantum mechanics, solid-state physics, and optics. He was one of the founders of the modern theory of the atomic structure and the statistical interpretation of the wave function, which is known as the Born rule. He also developed several mathematical methods and concepts that are widely used in physics, such as the Born approximation, the Born coordinates, the Born equation, the Born probability, the Born reciprocity, the Born rigidity, the Born series, the Born square, the Born–Landé equation, the Born–Infeld theory, and the Born–Haber cycle. He supervised and collaborated with many eminent physicists in the 1920s and 1930s, such as Werner Heisenberg, Wolfgang Pauli, Pascual Jordan, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Enrico Fermi, and Max Delbrück. He received numerous honors and awards for his scientific achievements, including the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954. He was also a pacifist and a humanist who opposed fascism and nationalism. He was forced to flee Germany in 1933 due to his Jewish ancestry and his criticism of the Nazi regime. He settled in Britain and became a naturalized British citizen in 1939. He worked at the University of Edinburgh until his retirement in 1952. He then moved to Bad Pyrmont in West Germany and died in Göttingen in 1970 at the age of 87. He was married to Hedwig Ehrenberg, a fellow German-Jewish refugee and a descendant of Martin Luther. They had three children: Irene, Gustav Victor Rudolf, and Margarete. His grandchildren include Olivia Newton-John, an Australian singer and actress; Gustav Newton-John, an Australian race car driver; Georgina Born, a British academic and musician; and Tania Mallet, a British model and actress. His great-grandchildren include Chloe Lattanzi, an American singer and actress; Ben Newton-John, an Australian race car driver; and Emerson Newton-John, an American race car driver. Max Born was a prolific writer who published several books and articles on physics, mathematics, philosophy, history, and social issues. Some of his notable works are The Restless Universe (1935), Natural Philosophy of Cause and Chance (1949), Atomic Physics (1935), The Statistical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (1954), Physics in My Generation (1956), My Life: Recollections of a Nobel Laureate (1978), and The Born-Einstein Letters (1971). He was also a friend and correspondent of Albert Einstein, with whom he had a long-standing scientific and philosophical dialogue. Max Born was a remarkable scientist and a remarkable human being who left a lasting legacy in both science and society.

  • 9. Johannes Kepler

    Died: 1630 A.D
    Slogan: Geometry is the archetype of the beauty of the world

    Johannes Kepler was a German astronomer and mathematician who is best known for his three laws of planetary motion, which describe how the planets orbit the sun in elliptical paths. He also made important contributions to optics, geometry, and natural philosophy. He was a key figure in the scientific revolution and a defender of the Copernican system, which placed the sun at the center of the solar system. He worked as an assistant to Tycho Brahe, the imperial mathematician to Emperor Rudolf II, and later as his successor. He also wrote several books on astronomy, such as Astronomia nova (1609), Harmonices Mundi (1619), and Epitome astronomiae Copernicanae (1618–1621). He faced many hardships in his life, such as religious persecution, poverty, family tragedies, and legal disputes. He died of a fever in 1630 at the age of 58. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest astronomers and mathematicians of all time.

  • 10. Ferdinand Alexander Porsche

    Died: 2012 A.D
    Slogan: Design must be functional and functionality must be translated into visual aesthetics

    Ferdinand Alexander Porsche was a German designer who was best known for creating the first Porsche 911, one of the most iconic and influential sports cars in history. He was the son of Ferry Porsche, the founder of the Porsche car company, and the grandson of Ferdinand Porsche, the engineer who designed the Volkswagen Beetle and other vehicles for Nazi Germany. He grew up surrounded by cars and engineering, and began working at the family-owned company in 1957. He became the head of the design department in 1962 and was responsible for shaping the appearance of many Porsche models, such as the 904 and the 917. He also designed other products, such as watches, sunglasses, pens, and household items under the brand name Porsche Design. He left the car company in 1972 after it became a public corporation and founded his own design studio in Zell am See, Austria. He remained involved in the supervisory board of Porsche until 2005, when he became its honorary president. He died in 2012 at the age of 76 from pneumonia. He was survived by his second wife Heidemarie and his eleven children from both marriages. He was buried in the family grave at Schüttgut in Zell am See.

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