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Rasuna Said Rasuna Said 1910 - 1965 Founder of the first school for women
Jalaluddin Rakhmat Jalaluddin Rakhmat 1949 - 2021 communication scholar
Usman bin Yahya Usman bin Yahya 1822 - 1913 Islamic scholar and Grand Mufti of Batavia
Djadoeg Djajakusuma Djadoeg Djajakusuma 1918 - 1987 Film director promoter of traditional art forms
Hasyim Asy'ari Hasyim Asy'ari 1871 - 1947 Islamic scholar and leader
Chaerul Saleh Chaerul Saleh 1916 - 1967 Deputy Prime Minister, Minister
Omar Dhani Omar Dhani 1924 - 1965 Commander of the Indonesian Air Force
Ali Sarosa Ali Sarosa 1918 - 1975 Actor
Titien Sumarni Titien Sumarni 1932 - 1966 Actress and producer
Amirmachmud Amirmachmud 1923 - 1995 Minister of Home Affairs and Speaker
Detty Kurnia Detty Kurnia 1960 - 2010 Sundanese singer and composer
Lauw Giok Lan Lauw Giok Lan 1883 - 1953 Journalist and writer,founder of Sin Po newspaper
Hasan Basri Durin Hasan Basri Durin 1935 - 1997 Governor of Sumatra and Minister
Pramoedya Ananta Toer Pramoedya Ananta Toer 1925 - 2006 Novelist and writer, author of the Buru Quartet
Gatot Soebroto Gatot Soebroto 1907 - 1962 Deputy Army chief-of-staff
Soekarno Noer Soekarno Noer 1931 - 1986 Actor, film producer
Mimi Rasinah Mimi Rasinah 1930 - 2010 Topeng dancer
Tuti Indra Malaon Tuti Indra Malaon 1939 - 1989 Actress, dancer, lecturer
Sumitro Djojohadikusumo Sumitro Djojohadikusumo 1917 - 2001 President Director of Pertamina
Ellyas Pical Ellyas Pical 1960 - 2021 Boxer and coach
Remy Sylado Remy Sylado 1945 - 2022 Author, actor, and musician
Farid Simaika Farid Simaika 1907 - 1943 Olympic diver
Tonny Koeswoyo Tonny Koeswoyo 1936 - 1987 Leader of Koes Plus
Mimi Mariani Mimi Mariani 1928 - 1971 Actress and singer
Farida Arriany Farida Arriany 1938 - 1977 Actress and model
Lolo Soetoro Lolo Soetoro 1935 - 1987 Geologist and army colonel
Ahmad Syech Albar Ahmad Syech Albar 1946 - 2021 Rock singer and vocalist of God Bless
Sutan Sjahrir Sutan Sjahrir 1909 - 1966 Governor of Bank Indonesia and Minister of Finance
John Lie Tjeng Tjoan John Lie Tjeng Tjoan 1911 - 1988 Commander of Indonesian Navy during
Radius Prawiro Radius Prawiro 1928 - 2005 Governor of Bank Indonesia and Minister of Finance
Umi Dachlan Umi Dachlan 1942 - 2009 Pioneering Indonesian painter and art lecturer
Abdul Malik Karim Amrullah Abdul Malik Karim Amrullah 1908 - 1981 Islamic scholar, philosopher, novelist, lecturer
Hamengkubuwono IX Hamengkubuwono IX 1912 - 1988 Deputy Army chief-of-staff
Markis Kido Markis Kido 1984 - 2021 Badminton player and coach
Ratna Asmara Ratna Asmara 1913 - 1968 Actress, director, activist
Sudirman Arshad Sudirman Arshad 1954 - 1992 Singer and songwriter
Umbu Landu Paranggi Umbu Landu Paranggi 1943 - 2021 poet and writer
Paku Alam VIII Paku Alam VIII 1910 - 1998 Regent of Suppa and Batavia, member
Louis Victor Wijnhamer Louis Victor Wijnhamer 1904 - 1975 Social worker and stage and film actor
Bagindo Azizchan Bagindo Azizchan 1910 - 1947 Minister of Foreign Affairs
Raden Mochtar Raden Mochtar 1918 - 1997 Actor
Wilopo Wilopo 1909 - 1981 Prime Minister of Indonesia
Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie 1936 - 2019 Third president of Indonesia
Albertus Soegijapranata Albertus Soegijapranata 1896 - 1963 Archbishop of Semarang
Ramlan Hutahaean Ramlan Hutahaean 1955 - 2021 General Secretary of HKBP
Anton Medan Anton Medan 1957 - 2021 Former robber and gambling tycoon
Sofjan Saury Siregar Sofjan Saury Siregar 1951 - 2017 Author of De Edele Koran
Delma Juzar Delma Juzar 1929 - 1980 Actor and custom employee
Ibnu Sutowo Ibnu Sutowo 1914 - 2001 President Director of Pertamina
Sahal Mahfudh Sahal Mahfudh 1937 - 2014 Islamic leader and scholar
Mike Mohede Mike Mohede 1983 - 2016 Vocalist of Kahitna
Mochtar Apin Mochtar Apin 1923 - 1994 Pioneering Indonesian painter, illustrator
Gombloh Gombloh 1948 - 1988 Balada singer and songwriter
Antoinette Waroh Antoinette Waroh 1901 - 1991 Parliament member of East Indonesia
HIM Damsyik HIM Damsyik 1929 - 2012 Dancer and film actor
Tuanku Imam Bonjol Tuanku Imam Bonjol 1772 - 1864 Islamic leader and fighter in the Padri War
Mahmud Yunus Mahmud Yunus 1899 - 1982 Islamic scholar and author of Tafsir Qur'an Karim
Ferry Sonneville Ferry Sonneville 1931 - 2003 Badminton player and coach
Suharto Suharto 1921 - 2008 Second president of Indonesia
Taufiq Kiemas Taufiq Kiemas 1942 - 2013 Speaker of the People's Consultative Assembly
Endang Rahayu Sedyaningsih Endang Rahayu Sedyaningsih 1955 - 2012 Indonesia's Minister of Health
Percha Leanpuri Percha Leanpuri 1986 - 2021 Member of the People's Representative
Amoroso Katamsi Amoroso Katamsi 1943 - 2018 Actor, singer, performer
Djamaluddin Adinegoro Djamaluddin Adinegoro 1904 - 1967 Press pioneer and political analyst
Ahmad Jayadiningrat Ahmad Jayadiningrat 1877 - 1943 Regent of Serang and Batavia
Zubair Dahlan Zubair Dahlan 1905 - 1969 Islamic leader and scholar
Halim Perdanakusuma Halim Perdanakusuma 1922 - 1947 Deputy Army chief-of-staff
Julia Perez Julia Perez 1980 - 2017 Actress, singer, model, announcer
Sriwati Masmundari Sriwati Masmundari 1904 - 2005 Topeng dancer and damar kurung painter
Fifi Young Fifi Young 1915 - 1975 Stage and film actress
Ciputra Ciputra 1931 - 2019 Real estate developer
Andi Abdullah Bau Massepe Andi Abdullah Bau Massepe 1918 - 1947 Regent of Suppa, commander
Waldemar Caerel Hunter Waldemar Caerel Hunter 1919 - 1968 Stage and film actor
Ahmad Zulkifli Lubis Ahmad Zulkifli Lubis 1971 - 2022 Actor, voice actor, comedian, occupation
Kusuma Wardhani Kusuma Wardhani 1909 - 2023 Heiress and director of N.V. Merbaboe
Harry Roesli Harry Roesli 1951 - 2004 Musician, composer, and activist
Astaman Astaman 1900 - 1980 Actor and director
Ali Sadikin Ali Sadikin 1926 - 2008 Governor of Jakarta and Major General
Usmar Ismail Usmar Ismail 1921 - 1971 Film director, author, journalist, revolutionary
Rempo Urip Rempo Urip 1918 - 1987 Film director promoter of traditional art forms
Rachmat Witoelar Rachmat Witoelar 1916 - 1967 Deputy Prime Minister, Minister
Chrisye Chrisye 1949 - 2007 Progressive pop singer and songwriter
Ali Sastroamidjojo Ali Sastroamidjojo 1903 - 1975 Prime Minister of Indonesia
Nani Soedarsono Nani Soedarsono 1928 - 2011 Indonesia's first Minister of Basic Education
Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana 1908 - 1966 Founder, editor of Poedjangga Baroe magazine
Kristiani Herrawati Kristiani Herrawati 1952 - 2019 First Lady of Indonesia and Political Scientist
Assaat Assaat 1904 - 1970 Acting president of Indonesia
Sudharmono Sudharmono 1927 - 2006 Speaker of the People's Consultative Assembly
Boes Boestami Boes Boestami 1922 - 1970 Journalist and film actor
Yopie Latul Yopie Latul 1955 - 2020 singer
Rohana Muthalib Rohana Muthalib 1900 - 1983 Mayor of Pontianak
Elly Yunara Elly Yunara 1923 - 1992 Actress and producer
Mohamad Mochtar Mohamad Mochtar 1918 - 1981 Film actor
Siti Rukiah Siti Rukiah 1927 - 1996 Writer, editor, and political activist
Munir Said Thalib Munir Said Thalib 1965 - 2004 Founder of Kontras and Imparsial
Soedardjat Nataatmadja Soedardjat Nataatmadja 1938 - 2020 Regent of Bogor, Vice Governo
Ruslan Abdulgani Ruslan Abdulgani 1914 - 2005 Minister of Information and Foreign Affairs
Carlo Saba Carlo Saba 1969 - 2023 Vocalist of Kahitna
Raden Saleh Syarif Bustaman Raden Saleh Syarif Bustaman 1811 - 1880 Pioneering Indonesian painter of Arab-Javanes
A. Hamid Arief A. Hamid Arief 1924 - 1992 Actor, comedian, voice actor
Fatmawati Fatmawati 1923 - 1980 Sewing the first flag of Indonesia
Ahmad Sadali Ahmad Sadali 1924 - 1987 Pioneering Indonesian painter
Suzzanna Martha Frederika van Osch Suzzanna Martha Frederika van Osch 1942 - 2008 Actress
Idham Chalid Idham Chalid 1908 - 1981 Islamic scholar, philosopher, novelist, lecturer
Glenn Fredly Glenn Fredly 1975 - 2020 R&B singer and songwriter
Azwar Anas Azwar Anas 1931 - 2023 Diplomat, foreign minister, peace broker
Willibrordus  Rendra Willibrordus Rendra 1935 - 2009 Poet, dramatist, activist, performer, actor
Sulaiman Ar Rasuli Sulaiman Ar Rasuli 1871 - 1970 Former robber and gambling tycoon
Sariamin Ismail Sariamin Ismail 1909 - 1995 Writer, editor, and political activist
Augustine Magdalena Waworuntu Augustine Magdalena Waworuntu 1899 - 1987 Mayor of Manado
Widjojo Nitisastro Widjojo Nitisastro 1917 - 2001 President Director of Pertamina
Artati Marzuki Sudirdjo Artati Marzuki Sudirdjo 1921 - 2011 Indonesia's first labor minister
Ida Laila Ida Laila 1943 - 2019 Singer of dangdut and Malay music
Ali Maksum Ali Maksum 1868 - 1923 Islamic leader and revivalist
Asrul Sani Asrul Sani 1926 - 2004 Writer, poet, screenwriter
Hurustiati Subandrio Hurustiati Subandrio 1918 - 1974 Parliament member of Indonesia
Nyai Ahmad Dahlan Nyai Ahmad Dahlan 1872 - 1946 First female Indonesian journalist
Mohammad Husni Thamrin Mohammad Husni Thamrin 1894 - 1941 Member of the Volksraad and leader
Ami Priyono Ami Priyono 1939 - 2001 Film director and actor
Sjumandjaja Sjumandjaja 1933 - 1985 Writer, poet, screenwriter
Khouw Keng Nio Khouw Keng Nio 1909 - 1970 Heiress and director of N.V. Merbaboe
Telly Tjanggulung Telly Tjanggulung 1973 - 2021 Regent of Southeast Minahasa
Ahmad Yani Ahmad Yani 1922 - 1965 Commander of the Indonesian Army
Surastri Trimurti Surastri Trimurti 1912 - 2008 Indonesia's first labor minister
Ernest Douwes Dekker Ernest Douwes Dekker 1879 - 1950 Nationalist and politician of Indo descent
Hasri Ainun Habibie Hasri Ainun Habibie 1937 - 2010 Physician and First Lady of Indonesia
Azyumardi Azra Azyumardi Azra 1955 - 2022 Public intellectual and Muslim scholar
Aminah Cendrakasih Aminah Cendrakasih 1938 - 2022 Actress
Nani Widjaja Nani Widjaja 1944 - 2023 Actress and model
Mohammad Yamin Mohammad Yamin 1903 - 1962 Prime minister of Indonesia
Gesang Martohartono Gesang Martohartono 1917 - 2010 Children's song composer
Abdul Hamid Abdul Hamid 1948 - 2022 Voice actor, puppeteer, comedian
Lo Lieh Lo Lieh 1939 - 2002 Martial artist and film actor
Jefri Al Buchori Jefri Al Buchori 1973 - 2013 Islamic preacher, da'i, singer, and actor
Agus Salim Agus Salim 1884 - 1954 Minister of Foreign Affairs
Joe Hin Tjio Joe Hin Tjio 1919 - 2001 Cytogeneticist and biophysicist
Kartini Kartini 1879 - 1904 Activist for women's rights and education
I Gusti Ngurah Rai I Gusti Ngurah Rai 1917 - 1946 Commander of Indonesian forces in Bali
Sam Ratulangi Sam Ratulangi 1890 - 1949 First governor of Sulawesi
Abdurrahman Wahid Abdurrahman Wahid 1940 - 2009 Third president of Indonesia
Sunario Sastrowardoyo Sunario Sastrowardoyo 1902 - 1997 Diplomat, foreign minister, peace broker
Toeti Heraty Toeti Heraty 1933 - 2021 Poet, academic, and activist
Mohammad Hatta Mohammad Hatta 1902 - 1980 Statesman and nationalist
Rendra Karno Rendra Karno 1920 - 1985 Stage and film actor
Melky Goeslaw Melky Goeslaw 1947 - 2006 Singer and boxing manager
Suzzanna Suzzanna 1942 - 2008 Queen of Indonesian horror
Rahmah el Yunusiyah Rahmah el Yunusiyah 1900 - 1969 Founder of Diniyah Putri, first Islamic school
Ruhana Kuddus Ruhana Kuddus 1884 - 1972 First female Indonesian journalist
Abdullah Totong Mahmud Abdullah Totong Mahmud 1930 - 2010 Children's song composer
Fakih Usman Fakih Usman 1904 - 1968 Minister of Religious Affairs
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  • 1. Agus Salim

    Died: 1954 A.D
    Slogan: The people's welfare is the highest law

    Agus Salim was born on 8 October 1884 in Koto Gadang, a village in North Sumatra. He was the eldest of nine children in a Batak Muslim family. He studied teaching at a school in Medan and then enrolled at a military academy in Bandung. He became a member of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, but following the Japanese invasion in 1942, he joined the Defenders of the Homeland, a Japanese-sponsored militia. After the proclamation of Indonesian independence in 1945, he enlisted in the fledgling Indonesian armed forces, and fought during the Indonesian National Revolution against the Dutch colonial forces. He rose to prominence as a charismatic and innovative leader, and in 1946, he was appointed commander of the Siliwangi Division, the guerrilla unit operating in West Java. He became known for his hit-and-run tactics, his loyalty to the republic, and his resistance to communist influence. He also developed the concept of territorial warfare, which involved mobilizing the local population to support the military effort. He was captured by the Dutch in 1949, but was released after the recognition of Indonesian sovereignty in 1950. He then became the chief of staff of the Indonesian Army, and later the commander of the Indonesian National Armed Forces. He was involved in several military and political conflicts, such as the Madiun Affair, the Darul Islam rebellion, the PRRI Permesta rebellion, the West New Guinea dispute, the Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation, and the 30 September Movement. He survived an assassination attempt during the latter, which was a failed coup attempt by a faction of the army led by communist sympathizers. He lost his position as the defense minister, but remained influential in the military and politics. He supported the rise of General Suharto, who took over the presidency from Sukarno in 1967. He became the speaker of the People's Consultative Assembly, the highest legislative body in the country, and held the position until 1972. He retired from politics in 1978, and spent his later years writing books and giving lectures. He died of a heart attack on 4 November 1954 in Jakarta, and was buried with full military honors at the Kalibata Heroes Cemetery. He is regarded as one of the founding fathers of the Indonesian military and a national hero.

  • 2. Hamengkubuwono IX

    Died: 1988 A.D
    Slogan: The sultan is the father of the people.

    Hamengkubuwono IX was the ninth sultan of Yogyakarta, the second vice president of Indonesia, and the first governor of the Special Region of Yogyakarta. He was also a National Hero of Indonesia for his role in the Indonesian National Revolution and the establishment of the Indonesian Military Academy (AKABRI). He was born in Ngasem, Yogyakarta, on 12 April 1912, with the name Gusti Raden Mas Dorodjatun. He was the ninth son of Hamengkubuwono VIII and his consort, Raden Ajeng Kustilah. He was named crown prince when he was three years old, after his father ascended to the throne. He was educated in Dutch and Indonesian schools, and later enrolled in a military school in Magelang. He joined the Royal Dutch East Indies Army (KNIL) and rose to the rank of sergeant. During the Japanese occupation, he joined the Defenders of the Homeland (PETA), an army set up by the Japanese to resist the allied invasion. He was appointed as a company and then a battalion commander. After the proclamation of Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945, he joined the People's Security Agency (BKR), the precursor of the Indonesian Army. He was involved in the suppression of the communist Madiun Revolt in 1948, and became the commander of the Military Police and the Military Governor of the Surakarta - Semarang - Pati - Madiun region. He also led the Central Java Division in the defense of Yogyakarta, the capital of the republic, against the Dutch attack in 1949. He participated in the negotiations for the transfer of sovereignty from the Dutch to the Indonesians, and signed the Round Table Conference Agreement in The Hague. After the recognition of Indonesia's independence, he continued his military service and held various positions, such as the commander of the Diponegoro Military Area, the deputy Army chief-of-staff, and the chairman of the Indonesian Red Cross. He was also involved in the establishment of the AKABRI, the joint military academy for the Army, Navy, and Air Force. He was known for his loyalty, bravery, and professionalism. He was respected and admired by many people, both in Indonesia and abroad, for his dignity and grace. In 1973, he was elected as the second vice president of Indonesia, under President Suharto. He served for one term until 1978. He was also the first governor of the Special Region of Yogyakarta, a position that he held from 1950 to 1988. He was responsible for the development and welfare of the region, as well as the preservation of its cultural heritage. He died on 2 October 1988, in Washington, D.C., due to heart failure. He was buried in Kalibata Heroes Cemetery in Jakarta, next to his wife, Gusti Kanjeng Ratu Koes Murtiyah. He was honored as a National Hero of Indonesia in 1989 by President Suharto. His legacy lives on in his children and grandchildren, who have followed his footsteps in politics and public service.

  • 3. Ruhana Kuddus

    Died: 1972 A.D
    Slogan: Girls are human, aren't they? They also have brains

    Ruhana Kuddus was a pioneer of women's emancipation and journalism in Indonesia. She was born in a village in West Sumatra in 1884, where she learned to read and write in Arabic, Jawi, and Latin scripts from her father and neighbors. She was interested in teaching girls and women skills beyond their household duties, such as crafts, reading, and writing. She married Abdoel Koeddoes, a notary public, in 1908, who supported her efforts in education and journalism. She started writing for Poetri Indonesia, a women's newspaper published by Tirto Adhi Soerjo, another national hero and the father of Indonesian journalism, in 1908. After Poetri Indonesia was banned by the Dutch colonial government, she founded Soenting Melajoe, a weekly newspaper for women and edited by women, in 1912. She served as the chief editor until 1920 and continued to write for various publications until the 1940s. She also established two private schools for girls: Kerajinan Amai Setia in Koto Gadang in 1911 and the Roehana School in Bukittinggi in 1916. She advocated for girls' schooling, women's rights, and social justice in her writings and activities. She was recognized as a national hero by President Joko Widodo in 2019. She died in Jakarta in 1972 due to illness and was buried at the Karet Bivak Cemetery.

  • 4. Tuanku Imam Bonjol

    Died: 1864 A.D
    Slogan: There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is His messenger.

    Tuanku Imam Bonjol was one of the most popular leaders of the Padri movement in Central Sumatra. He was declared a National Hero of Indonesia. He was born in Bonjol, Pasaman, West Sumatra, in 1772, to a family of devout Muslims. His father, Bayanuddin, was a religious teacher and a descendant of the Pagaruyung Kingdom. His mother, Hamatun, was a noblewoman from the Mandailing clan. He received his early education from his father and other Islamic scholars, and learned Arabic, Malay, and Minangkabau languages. He also developed a passion for jihad and Islamic reform, and joined the Padri movement in 1803. The Padri movement, which was influenced by the Wahhabi sect of Saudi Arabia, aimed to purify Islam from local customs and traditions that were considered un-Islamic, such as gambling, cockfighting, opium, tobacco, and the matrilineal system. The movement also opposed the Dutch colonial rule and the local aristocracy that collaborated with them. The movement sparked a civil war among the Minangkabau people, known as the Padri War, which lasted from 1803 to 1837. Tuanku Imam Bonjol, who was also known as Muhammad Syahab, Peto Syarif, and Malim Basa, became the political and military leader of the Padri faction. He established the state of Bonjol, and built a fortified fortress there as his base of operations. He led several battles against the Dutch and their allies, and expanded the Padri-controlled territory. He was known for his bravery, charisma, and strategy. He also preached and taught Islamic teachings and reforms to his followers. He wrote several books, such as Kitab Mujarabat, which contained Islamic laws and medical prescriptions. He also composed poems and songs, such as Syair Perang Siak, which narrated the Padri victory over the Siak Sultanate. He was a respected and influential figure among the Minangkabau and other Islamic communities in the archipelago. The Padri War ended in 1837, when the Dutch finally managed to capture Bonjol after a long siege. Tuanku Imam Bonjol was tricked into surrendering by the Dutch, who promised him a safe passage to Mecca. However, instead of fulfilling their promise, the Dutch exiled him to various places, such as Cianjur, Ambon, and Manado. He died in exile in Lotta, Pineleng, Minahasa, Sulawesi, in 1864, at the age of 92. He was buried there with full military honors by the Dutch. He was a man of many talents and achievements, who dedicated his life to the service of Islam and his people.

  • 5. Endang Rahayu Sedyaningsih

    Died: 2012 A.D
    Slogan: Health is a human right

    Endang Rahayu Sedyaningsih was an Indonesian physician, researcher, and author. She served as Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia from 22 October 2009 until 30 April 2012. She was born on 1 February 1955, in Jakarta, Indonesia. She graduated from the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Indonesia in 1979 and obtained her Master of Public Health degree from Harvard School of Public Health in 1987. She also received a Doctor of Science degree from the same institution in 1994. She began her career as a clinician at the Jakarta Pertamina Hospital in 1979. She joined the public health service in 1980 and worked in various positions, such as the Head of the Center for Disease Control Research and Program Development, the Director of the Center of Biomedical Research and Program Development, and the Secretary General of the Ministry of Health. She also worked as a technical adviser at the World Health Organization headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, from 1997 to 2006. She was appointed as the Minister of Health by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in 2009, succeeding Siti Fadillah Supari. She was the first woman to hold this position in Indonesia. She was responsible for managing the health system, improving the quality of health services, and responding to public health emergencies, such as the H1N1 pandemic, the Merapi eruption, and the Mentawai tsunami. She was also involved in the development of the GISAID initiative, a platform for sharing influenza virus data and sequences. She resigned from her post in April 2012, due to her deteriorating health condition. She had been diagnosed with lung cancer in October 2010 and underwent extensive treatment. She died on 2 May 2012, at the age of 57, at the Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia. She was survived by her husband, Reanny Mamahit, a gynecologist, and her three children, Arinanda, Awandha, and Rayinda. She was buried at the Kalibata Heroes Cemetery in Jakarta. She was widely respected and admired for her dedication, professionalism, and integrity. She received several awards and honors, such as the Bintang Mahaputra Utama, the highest civilian honor in Indonesia, and the Harvard School of Public Health Alumni Award of Merit. She also published several books and articles on public health issues, such as epidemiology, biostatistics, and health policy.

  • 6. Abdurrahman Wahid

    Died: 2009 A.D
    Slogan: Islam is a blessing for all mankind.

    Abdurrahman Wahid, also known as Gus Dur, was an Indonesian politician and Islamic religious leader who served as the third president of Indonesia from 1999 to 2001. He was the leader of the Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), the largest Islamic organization in Indonesia, and the founder of the National Awakening Party (PKB). He was elected as president by the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR) after the fall of Suharto's authoritarian regime in 1998. He was the first democratically elected president in Indonesia's history and the first president to be impeached. He initiated various reforms to promote democracy, human rights, pluralism, and decentralization. He also supported the independence of East Timor and the resolution of conflicts in Aceh and Papua. He was known for his moderate and tolerant views on Islam and his humorous and eccentric personality. He died in 2009 at the age of 69. He is regarded as a national hero and a symbol of Indonesian reform by many Indonesians.

  • 7. Usman bin Yahya

    Died: 1913 A.D
    Slogan: The best of people are those who benefit others.

    Usman bin Yahya was a prominent Islamic scholar and the Grand Mufti of Batavia in the 19th century. He was born in 1822 in Pekojan, Batavia, which was then under the Dutch colonial rule. He was of Chinese descent and belonged to the Ba 'Alawi sada family, which traced its lineage to the Prophet Muhammad. His father, Abdullah bin Aqil, was a respected scholar and the Sheikh of Sadah in Mecca. His mother, Aminah, was the daughter of Sheikh Abdurrahman Al-Misri, a renowned scholar from Egypt. Usman bin Yahya received his early education from his maternal grandfather, Sheikh Abdurrahman, who taught him the Qur'an, Tafsir, and other Islamic sciences. When he was 18 years old, he went to Mecca to perform the Hajj and met his father and relatives there. He stayed in Mecca for seven years and studied under his father and Ahmad Zayni Dahlan, the Mufti of Mecca at that time. He learned various subjects such as Akhlaq, Tawhid, Fiqh, Sufism, Nahwu Sharaf, Hadith, and Astronomy. He also received ijazahs (certificates of authority) from many scholars in Mecca. ¹² Usman bin Yahya returned to Batavia in 1847 and started his career as a preacher and a teacher. He established a mosque, Masjid Jami' Tan Hok Liang, in Pondok Rajeg, Cibinong, Bogor, where he taught and gave lectures to the Muslim community. He also became the Grand Mufti of Batavia, the highest religious authority in the region, and issued fatwas (legal opinions) on various matters. He was known for his knowledge, piety, and charisma, and was respected by both the Muslims and the Dutch authorities. He also played an important role in spreading Islam and defending the rights of the Muslim minority in the Dutch East Indies. He was especially concerned about the plight of the Chinese Muslims, who faced discrimination and persecution from the Dutch and the native Indonesians. He founded the Indonesian Chinese Muslim Association (PITI) in 1892 to promote the welfare and education of the Chinese Muslims. He also advocated for the unity and tolerance among different religious and ethnic groups in Indonesia. Usman bin Yahya died in 1913 at the age of 91 due to old age. He was buried in Pondok Bambu, Jakarta, Indonesia. His death was mourned by many people, including his family, friends, followers, and fellow scholars. He was remembered as a man who had a remarkable journey of transformation, from a notorious criminal to a devout Muslim and a compassionate leader.

  • 8. Omar Dhani

    Died: 1965 A.D
    Slogan: Marhaenism for the whole world

    Omar Dhani was an Indonesian air force officer and politician, who served as the commander of the Indonesian Air Force (TNI-AU) from 1962 to 1965. He was a prominent leftist figure in Indonesia during the Sukarno era. He was born in Surakarta, the son of a civil servant. He worked in various fields, such as radio broadcasting, information ministry, and banking, before joining the air force academy in 1950. He received training in the United States and the United Kingdom, and rose through the ranks to become the Minister and Commander of the Air Force in 1962. He was involved in several military operations, such as the PRRI Rebellion, the Permesta Rebellion, the Operation Trikora, and the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation. He was also a close ally of President Sukarno, and supported his policies of anti-imperialism, socialism, and national revolution. He was one of the main proponents of the Guided Democracy system, and advocated for a more radical and revolutionary stance. He was also active in the cultural and educational fields, promoting the development of Indonesian literature, arts, and sciences. He was a prolific writer and speaker, and published many books and articles on various topics. He was also known for his slogan "Marhaenism for the whole world", which expressed his vision of a global solidarity of the oppressed peoples. Omar Dhani was one of the most influential and controversial figures in Indonesian history. He was admired by many as a charismatic and visionary leader, but also feared and hated by others as a ruthless and dangerous communist. He was accused of being behind the 30 September Movement, a failed coup attempt in 1965 that resulted in the murder of six army generals. Although the exact role of Dhani and the PKI in the coup remains unclear, the incident triggered a violent anti-communist purge that killed hundreds of thousands of people, including Dhani himself. He was captured and executed by the army in Boyolali, Central Java, on 22 November 1965. His body was never returned to his family, and his grave remains unknown. He was posthumously declared a traitor and an enemy of the state by the New Order regime, which banned the PKI and any mention of its history. His legacy and reputation have been subject to debate and revision in recent years, as Indonesia has undergone a process of democratization and reconciliation.

  • 9. Ali Sadikin

    Died: 2008 A.D
    Slogan: Jakarta is the face of Indonesia

    Ali Sadikin was a prominent politician and national hero from West Java, who served as the fourth governor of Jakarta from 1966 to 1977. He was a former naval officer, a minister of transportation and a coordinating minister for maritime affairs. He built infrastructure projects, revived Betawi culture and supported family planning. Ali Sadikin was born in Sumedang, West Java, on 7 July 1926, to a Sundanese family. He studied at the Semarang Shipping Science Polytechnic during the Japanese occupation period. During the Indonesian National Revolution, he joined the People's Security Agency Navy, the predecessor to the Indonesian Navy, and fought against the Dutch during Operation Product and Operation Kraai. After the end of the national revolution, Ali remained in the navy and fought against the Permesta rebel movement in the late 1950s. In 1963, he was appointed Minister of Transportation by President Sukarno. A year later, he was appointed coordinating minister of the newly formed Coordinating Ministry for Maritime and Investments Affairs. ¹ On 28 April 1966, Ali was appointed governor of Jakarta, becoming the first governor in Indonesia to be sworn-in at the Merdeka Palace. As governor, Ali carried out the construction of Jakarta's infrastructure. He constructed the Ismail Marzuki Park, Ragunan Zoo, Ancol Dreamland, and a number of other infrastructure projects. Notably, Ali allowed the construction of night entertainment projects, as well allowing entertainment in the form of gambling in Jakarta. With taxes generating from gambling being used to build the city and build the Jakarta Islamic Centre. Ali's governorship also saw the revival of Betawi culture in Jakarta, with the increased popularity of Ondel-ondel performances and the Betawi mask dance. ¹² Ali Sadikin died of natural causes in Singapore on 20 May 2008, at the age of 81. He was buried in the Kalibata Heroes Cemetery in Jakarta. He is remembered as a charismatic and visionary leader who transformed Jakarta into a modern and vibrant city. ¹²

  • 10. Suzzanna Martha Frederika van Osch

    Died: 2008 A.D
    Slogan: I am not afraid of ghosts, I am afraid of people.

    Suzzanna was an Indonesian actress who was known as the "queen of Indonesian horror". She starred in many horror films, portraying spirits, witches, and other supernatural beings. She was also a versatile actress who could play various genres, such as comedy, drama, and romance. She began her acting career in 1958, after winning a "Tiga Dara" competition in Yogyakarta. She was soon cast in Usmar Ismail's film Asrama Dara, which earned her recognition and awards. She married actor Dicky Suprapto in 1959 and had two children with him. They established their own film production company, Tri Murni Film, in 1965, but it only produced one film. They divorced in 1974. Suzzanna then married actor Clift Sangra in 1983. She continued to act in films until the 1990s, when she retired from the industry. She made a comeback in 2008 with the film Hantu Ambulance, but it was her final appearance. She died on October 15, 2008, from complications with diabetes. She was buried with her son and sister in Magelang. She is remembered as one of the most iconic and influential actresses in Indonesian cinema history.

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