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Doris Monteiro Doris Monteiro 1934 - 2023 Jazz, samba and bossa nova singer and actress
Victor Meirelles de Lima Victor Meirelles de Lima 1832 - 1903 History painter
erico Verissimo erico Verissimo 1905 - 1975 Novelist and historian
Leopoldo Nachbin Leopoldo Nachbin 1922 - 1993 structural stability of dynamical systems
Zumbi dos Palmares Zumbi dos Palmares 1655 - 1695 Leader of Quilombo dos Palmares
Isabel Cristina Leopoldina Augusta Micaela Isabel Cristina Leopoldina Augusta Micaela 1846 - 1921 Heiress and regent of the Empire of Brazil
Carmen Miranda Carmen Miranda 1909 - 1955 Singer, actress
Maria Tomasia Figueira Lima Maria Tomasia Figueira Lima 1826 - 1902 Abolitionist
Paulo Jose Paulo Jose 1937 - 2021 Actor, director and writer
Walmor Chagas Walmor Chagas 1930 - 2013 Actor, director, and producer
Henrique da Rocha Lima Henrique da Rocha Lima 1879 - 1956 pathologist and infectologist
Lucila Nogueira Lucila Nogueira 1950 - 2016 Poet and writer
Oswald de Andrade Oswald de Andrade 1890 - 1954 Novelist and cultural critic
Astrud Gilberto Astrud Gilberto 1940 - 2023 Bossa nova singer and songwriter
Oswaldo Cruz Oswaldo Cruz 1872 - 1917 Physician and scientist
Mazzaropi Mazzaropi 1912 - 1981 film producer and star
Prudente de Morais Prudente de Morais 1841 - 1902 President of Brazil
Deodoro da Fonseca Deodoro da Fonseca 1827 - 1892 First president of Brazil and leader
Julio Cesar de Mello e Souza Julio Cesar de Mello e Souza 1895 - 1974 writing books on recreational mathematics
Joffre Soares Joffre Soares 1918 - 1996 TV and theater pioneer
Joel Barcellos Joel Barcellos 1936 - 2018 TV and theater pioneer
Sergio Mamberti Sergio Mamberti 1939 - 2021 Actor, director, presenter and writer
Cecilia Meireles Cecilia Meireles 1901 - 1964 Poet and writer
Eduardo Campos Eduardo Campos 1965 - 2014 Governor of Pernambuco
Oswaldo Goeldi Oswaldo Goeldi 1895 - 1961 Expressionist xylographer
Elis Regina Elis Regina 1945 - 1982 Singer of bossa nova, MPB, and jazz
Ronald Golias Ronald Golias 1929 - 2005 Theater and television comedian
Marilia Soares Pera Marilia Soares Pera 1943 - 2015 Actress, singer
Atila Icrio Atila Icrio 1921 - 2002 acting in O Cangaceiro and other films
Celso Furtado Celso Furtado 1920 - 2004 Economist and intellectual
Millor Fernandes Millor Fernandes 1923 - 2012 Writer, journalist, cartoonist, humorist
Olavo Bilac Olavo Bilac 1865 - 1918 Poet and writer
Getulio Vargas Getulio Vargas 1882 - 1954 President of Brazil
Joao Batista Vilanova Artigas Joao Batista Vilanova Artigas 1915 - 1984 Modernist architect
Carlos Reichenbach Carlos Reichenbach 1945 - 2012 Film director and producer
Walter Moreira Salles Walter Moreira Salles 1912 - 2001 Banker, politician and philanthropist
Marielle Franco Marielle Franco 1979 - 2018 Councillor of Rio de Janeiro
Affonso Eduardo Reidy Affonso Eduardo Reidy 1909 - 1964 Modernist architect
Antonio Carlos Jobim Antonio Carlos Jobim 1927 - 1994 Composer of bossa nova and Latin jazz
Norma Bengell Norma Bengell 1935 - 2013 Actress, film director, screenwriter
Moyses Baumstein Moyses Baumstein 1931 - 1991 Artist, inventor, writer, filmmaker
Araken Peixoto Araken Peixoto 1930 - 2009 Singer and trumpeter of jazz, samba and bossa nova
Jose Wilker Jose Wilker 1944 - 2014 Actor, director
Beatriz Segall Beatriz Segall 1926 - 2018 Actress of cinema, television and theater
Joao Goulart Joao Goulart 1918 - 1976 President of Brazil
Manfredo do Carmo Manfredo do Carmo 1928 - 2018 differential topology, algebraic topology
Hugo Carvana Hugo Carvana 1937 - 2014 TV and theater pioneer
Ana Carolina Reston Macan Ana Carolina Reston Macan 1985 - 2006 Model
Jose Marcio Ayres Jose Marcio Ayres 1954 - 2003 Primatologist and conservationist
Alvares de Azevedo Alvares de Azevedo 1831 - 1852 Poet and writer
Fab Melo Fab Melo 1990 - 2017 Professional basketball player
Aziz Nacib Ab Saber Aziz Nacib Ab Saber 1924 - 2012 Geographer and professor
Fabio Barreto Fabio Barreto 1957 - 2019 Film director and producer
Jorge Doria Jorge Doria 1920 - 2013 TV and theater pioneer
Marilia Mendonca Marilia Mendonca 1995 - 2021 Singer and songwriter of sertanejo music
Tancredo Neves Tancredo Neves 1910 - 1985 President-elect of Brazil
Humberto Mauro Humberto Mauro 1897 - 1983 film director, screenwriter, cinematographer
Ferreira Gullar Ferreira Gullar 1930 - 2016 Poet and writer
Arthur Timotheo da Costa Arthur Timotheo da Costa 1882 - 1922 scenographer, theatre designer, sculptor
Domingos Soares Ferreira Penna Domingos Soares Ferreira Penna 1818 - 1888 fossil and shell mound research
Bento Goncalves da Silva Bento Goncalves da Silva 1788 - 1847 President of the Riograndense Republic
Zola Amaro Zola Amaro 1891 - 1944 Operatic soprano
Jorge Amado Jorge Amado 1912 - 2001 Novelist and historian
Giuseppe Giannini Pancetti Giuseppe Giannini Pancetti 1902 - 1958 Modernist painter
Rui Barbosa Rui Barbosa 1849 - 1923 Writer, diplomat, orator
Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda 1892 - 1979 Jurist, professor, diplomat, writer
Aracy Balabanian Aracy Balabanian 1940 - 2023 Actress and theater star
Pedro Henrique Pedro Henrique 1993 - 2023 Gospel singer
Euclides da Cunha Euclides da Cunha 1866 - 1909 Writer and journalist
Tarsila de Aguiar do Amaral Tarsila de Aguiar do Amaral 1886 - 1973 painter
Bibi Ferreira Bibi Ferreira 1922 - 2019 Actress and theater star
Luis Carlos Prestes Luis Carlos Prestes 1898 - 1990 Leader of the Prestes Column
Jose Mojica Marins Jose Mojica Marins 1936 - 2020 Horror filmmaker and actor
Lygia Fagundes Telles Lygia Fagundes Telles 1918 - 2022 Novelist and short story writer
Graciliano Ramos Graciliano Ramos 1892 - 1953 Novelist and short story writer
Chico Mendes Chico Mendes 1944 - 1988 Rubber tapper, trade union leader, conservationist
Paulo Gracindo Paulo Gracindo 1911 - 1995 Actor, radio host and TV presenter
Nelson Pereira dos Santos Nelson Pereira dos Santos 1928 - 2018 Film director
Teixeira Mendes Teixeira Mendes 1855 - 1927 creating the national motto and flag
Paulo Caruso Paulo Caruso 1949 - 2023 political cartoonist and humorist
Chico Xavier Chico Xavier 1910 - 2002 Spiritist writer and psychographer
Paulo Freire Paulo Freire 1921 - 1997 Educator and philosopher
Anita Garibaldi Anita Garibaldi 1821 - 1849 Revolutionary fighter
Mauricio Peixoto Mauricio Peixoto 1921 - 2019 structural stability of dynamical systems
Clara Nunes Clara Nunes 1942 - 1983 singer, researcher, Candomblé devotee
Chica Xavier Chica Xavier 1932 - 2020 Actress and theater star
Aluisio Azevedo Aluisio Azevedo 1843 - 1899 Novelist and historian
Mario Schenberg Mario Schenberg 1914 - 1990 divulgation of science and medicine
Jose Reis Jose Reis 1907 - 2002 divulgation of science and medicine
Jose Lewgoy Jose Lewgoy 1920 - 2003 Actor
Candido Rondon Candido Rondon 1865 - 1958 Founder of the Indian Protection Service
Adelaide Chiozzo Adelaide Chiozzo 1931 - 2020 Actress, accordionist and singer
Alfredo D Escragnolle Taunay Alfredo D Escragnolle Taunay 1843 - 1899 Novelist and historian
Joao Gilberto do Prado Pereira de Oliveira Joao Gilberto do Prado Pereira de Oliveira 1931 - 2019 Guitarist, singer, and composer
Jayme Tiomno Jayme Tiomno 1920 - 2011 divulgation of science and medicine
Alfredo Sirkis Alfredo Sirkis 1950 - 2020 Journalist, writer, and urban planner
Carlos Drummond de Andrade Carlos Drummond de Andrade 1902 - 1987 Poet and writer
Lygia Clark Lygia Clark 1928 - 2020 Abstract artist and inventor
Joaquim Aurelio Barreto Nabuco de Araujo Joaquim Aurelio Barreto Nabuco de Araujo 1849 - 1910 Abolitionist, diplomat, politician, writer
Gilberto Freyre Gilberto Freyre 1900 - 1987 Sociologist and writer
Adolfo Lutz Adolfo Lutz 1855 - 1940 tropical medicine and zoology
Tarcisio Meira Tarcisio Meira 1935 - 2021 Theater and television actor
Maria Clara Machado Maria Clara Machado 1921 - 2001 Writer and playwright
Vinicius de Moraes Vinicius de Moraes 1913 - 1980 Poet and composer
Sergio Vieira de Mello Sergio Vieira de Mello 1948 - 2003 UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
Fernando Sabino Fernando Sabino 1923 - 2004 Novelist and short story writer
Darcy Ribeiro Darcy Ribeiro 1922 - 1997 Anthropologist, historian, sociologist
Leonel Brizola Leonel Brizola 1922 - 2004 Governor of Rio Grande do Sul and Rio de Janeiro
Antonio Goncalves Dias Antonio Goncalves Dias 1823 - 1864 Poet and writer
Antonio Abujamra Antonio Abujamra 1932 - 2015 acting in O Cangaceiro and other films
Paulo Emilio Vanzolini Paulo Emilio Vanzolini 1924 - 2013 divulgation of science and medicine
Jose Carlos do Patrocinio Jose Carlos do Patrocinio 1853 - 1905 Abolitionist, journalist, writer, orator
Elias Gleizer Elias Gleizer 1934 - 2015 TV and theater pioneer
Carlos Lacerda Carlos Lacerda 1914 - 1977 Mayor of São Paulo and governor of São Paulo
Josef Mengele Josef Mengele 1911 - 1979 Nazi physician and SS officer at Auschwitz
Cleyde Yaconis Cleyde Yaconis 1923 - 2013 Actress
Ilya Sao Paulo Ilya Sao Paulo 1963 - 2023 TV and theater pioneer
Carlos Marighella Carlos Marighella 1911 - 1969 Politician, writer, militant
Rolando Boldrin Rolando Boldrin 1936 - 2022 Actor, singer, composer and presenter
Jose Ferraz de Almeida Junior Jose Ferraz de Almeida Junior 1850 - 1899 Painter
Carmen Santos Carmen Santos 1904 - 1952 Actress and film producer
Mario de Andrade Mario de Andrade 1893 - 1945 Novelist and dramatist
Clarice Lispector Clarice Lispector 1920 - 1977 Novelist and short story writer
Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva 1763 - 1838 Minister of the interior and of foreign affairs
Saint Anthony Saint Anthony 1739 - 1822 Founder of the Conceptionist Sisters
Machado de Assis Machado de Assis 1839 - 1908 Novelist and dramatist
Cartola Cartola 1908 - 1980 Singer, composer, and poet of samba
Jose Lins do Rego Jose Lins do Rego 1901 - 1957 Novelist and short story writer
Eurico Gaspar Dutra Eurico Gaspar Dutra 1907 - 1996 President of Brazil and leader
Flavio Migliaccio Flavio Migliaccio 1934 - 2020 TV and theater pioneer
Ariano Suassuna Ariano Suassuna 1927 - 2014 Writer and playwright
Fatma Ceren Necipoglu Fatma Ceren Necipoglu 1973 - 2009 Harpist and university lecturer
Andre Reboucas Andre Reboucas 1838 - 1898 wireless communication ,radio broadcasting
Paulo Hermanny Jobim Paulo Hermanny Jobim 1950 - 2022 Singer, guitarist, flutist, arranger, architect
Ada Chaseliov Ada Chaseliov 1952 - 2015 Actress of theater, cinema and television
Carlos Imperial Carlos Imperial 1935 - 1992 show business personality
Adhemar de Barros Adhemar de Barros 1901 - 1969 Mayor of São Paulo and governor
Abraham Palatnik Abraham Palatnik 1928 - 2020 Abstract artist and inventor
Leon Hirszman Leon Hirszman 1937 - 1987 Film director, producer and screenwriter
Jose Alencar Gomes da Silva Jose Alencar Gomes da Silva 1931 - 2011 Vice president of Brazil, founder
Welington de Melo Welington de Melo 1946 - 2016 structural stability of dynamical systems
Jose de Alencar Jose de Alencar 1829 - 1877 Novelist and dramatist
Cesar Lattes Cesar Lattes 1924 - 2005 experimental physicist
Luiz de Barros Luiz de Barros 1893 - 1982 Film director, producer, editor, screenwriter
Maria Esther Bueno Maria Esther Bueno 1939 - 2018 Professional tennis player
Antonio Vieira Antonio Vieira 1608 - 1697 diplomat, and master of classical Portuguese prose
Rita Lee Jones de Carvalho Rita Lee Jones de Carvalho 1947 - 2023 Rock singer and songwriter
Anecy Rocha Anecy Rocha 1942 - 1977 Actress of cinema, television and theater
Jardel Filho Jardel Filho 1927 - 1983 TV and theater pioneer
Erasmo Carlos Erasmo Carlos 1941 - 2022 Singer and composer
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Top 10 Died Influential People

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  • 1. Emperor Pedro II

    Died: 1891 A.D
    Slogan: May God grant me these last wishes – peace and prosperity for Brazil.

    Pedro II was the second and last emperor of Brazil, reigning for over 58 years. He was born in Rio de Janeiro, the seventh child of Emperor Dom Pedro I of Brazil and Empress Dona Maria Leopoldina. His father's abrupt abdication and departure to Europe in 1831 left the five-year-old as emperor and led to a grim and lonely childhood and adolescence, obliged to spend his time studying in preparation for rule. His experiences with court intrigues and political disputes during this period greatly affected his later character; he grew into a man with a strong sense of duty and devotion toward his country and his people, yet increasingly resentful of his role as monarch. Pedro II inherited an empire on the verge of disintegration, but he turned Brazil into an emerging power in the international arena. The nation grew to be distinguished from its Hispanic neighbors on account of its political stability, zealously guarded freedom of speech, respect for civil rights, vibrant economic growth, and form of government—a functional representative parliamentary monarchy. Brazil was also victorious in the Platine War, the Uruguayan War, and the Paraguayan War, as well as prevailing in several other international disputes and domestic tensions. Pedro II steadfastly pushed through the abolition of slavery despite opposition from powerful political and economic interests. A savant in his own right, the Emperor established a reputation as a vigorous sponsor of learning, culture, and the sciences, and he won the respect and admiration of people such as Charles Darwin, Victor Hugo, and Friedrich Nietzsche, and was a friend to Richard Wagner, Louis Pasteur, and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, among others. He was married to Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies, with whom he had four children, two of whom died in infancy. He was a devoted father and husband, and a cultured and well-read man. He was also a lover of nature and photography, and a patron of the arts and sciences. He was deposed by a military coup in 1889, which proclaimed Brazil a republic. He accepted the end of the monarchy without resistance and went into exile in Europe with his family. He died in Paris in 1891, at the age of 66, and his remains were later returned to Brazil with honors. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest Brazilian leaders and a champion of democracy, freedom, and progress.

  • 2. Bento Goncalves da Silva

    Died: 1847 A.D
    Slogan: The cause of the people is the cause of God.

    Bento Gonçalves da Silva was a Brazilian army officer, politician and rebel leader of the Riograndense Republic. He was the first President of the Riograndense Republic and, by all accounts, one of the most prominent figures in the history of Rio Grande do Sul. Although a staunch monarchist, Gonçalves led the rebel forces in the Ragamuffin War. Radicals within the rebel ranks forced the rebellion to become republican, something that Gonçalves opposed. Still, even though he fought against the Empire of Brazil, Gonçalves and his troops celebrated the birthday of the young emperor Pedro II of Brazil. After the conflict ended with the victory of the Empire, Gonçalves paid his respect to Pedro II by kissing his hand during the latter's trip to Rio Grande do Sul in December 1845. His main companions in arms during the rebellion were Antônio de Souza Neto and Giuseppe Garibaldi. Gonçalves was born in Triunfo, Rio Grande do Sul, in 1788. He joined the Portuguese Army in 1811 and fought in the First and Second Banda Oriental Campaigns. He also participated in the Cisplatine War against Argentina and Uruguay. He rose to the rank of colonel and became the commander of the cavalry regiment in Porto Alegre. He was also a member of the Liberal Party and a supporter of the Constitutionalist Revolution of 1822. In 1835, Gonçalves led a revolt against the centralist government of Brazil, which he considered oppressive and neglectful of the interests of Rio Grande do Sul. He declared the independence of the province and established the Riograndense Republic, with himself as president. He faced the resistance of the loyalist forces, led by his brother-in-law Manuel Marques de Sousa, Count of Porto Alegre. He was captured in 1836 and imprisoned in Bahia, but he managed to escape in 1837 and rejoined the rebel army. He fought in several battles, such as the Siege of Porto Alegre, the Battle of Seival, and the Battle of Fanfa. He also tried to negotiate a peaceful settlement with the imperial government, but his efforts were frustrated by the radical republicans, who wanted to continue the war. Gonçalves died in 1847, in Pedras Brancas, Rio Grande do Sul, of pneumonia. He was buried in the same place, where a monument was erected in his honor. He is regarded as a hero and a symbol of the gaúcho culture and identity. He is also the namesake of the city of Bento Gonçalves, Rio Grande do Sul.

  • 3. Saint Anthony

    Died: 1822 A.D
    Slogan: The Blessed Virgin is the path that leads us to God

    Saint Anthony of Saint Anne Galvão was a Brazilian friar of the Franciscan Order who lived from 1739 to 1822. He was one of the best-known religious figures in colonial Brazil, renowned for his healing powers and his devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary. He was canonized by Pope Benedict XVI in 2007, becoming the first Brazilian-born saint. He was also the patron of World Youth Day 2013. He entered the novitiate of the St. Bonaventure Friary in 1760 and took the name of Anthony of Saint Anne. He was ordained a priest in 1762 and sent to St. Francis Friary in São Paulo, where he continued his studies in theology and philosophy. He was appointed preacher, confessor and porter of the convent, and also served as confessor to the Recollects of St. Teresa. He collaborated in the foundation of the Conceptionist Sisters, a religious congregation dedicated to the Immaculate Conception of Mary. He wrote the statutes and rules for the new institute and became its spiritual director. He also helped to build the convent and church, which took him 28 years to complete. He was known for his humility, prudence and charity. He performed many miracles of healing, conversion and reconciliation. He also distributed small paper pills with a prayer to the Blessed Virgin, which became popular as a remedy for physical and spiritual ailments. He died of natural causes in 1822, at the age of 83. He was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1998 and canonized by Pope Benedict XVI in 2007.

  • 4. Deodoro da Fonseca

    Died: 1892 A.D
    Slogan: The future is ours

    Deodoro da Fonseca was a Brazilian politician and military officer who served as the first president of Brazil. He was born in Alagoas in a military family, followed a military career, and became a national figure. Fonseca took office as provisional president after heading a military coup that deposed Emperor Pedro II and established the First Brazilian Republic in 1889, disestablishing the Empire. After his election in 1891, he stepped down the same year under great political pressure when he dissolved the National Congress. He died less than a year later.

  • 5. Isabel Cristina Leopoldina Augusta Micaela

    Died: 1921 A.D
    Slogan: If it is in the interest of my country, I will go to the scaffold.

    Isabel was the eldest daughter of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil and Empress Teresa Cristina. She was born in 1846 in Rio de Janeiro and was baptized with the honorific title of Dona. She had two brothers who died in infancy, making her the heiress presumptive to the Brazilian throne. She was educated by tutors and learned several languages, history, geography, music, and arts. She also developed a strong Catholic faith and a sense of duty to her country. In 1864, she married a French prince, Gaston, Count of Eu, in an arranged marriage. They had three sons, Pedro, Luís, and Antônio, who were also in the line of succession. Isabel and Gaston had a harmonious relationship and shared common interests in culture, science, and philanthropy. They lived in a palace in Petrópolis, where they hosted many social and artistic events. Isabel acted as regent of the Empire of Brazil three times, when her father traveled abroad. She proved to be a capable and popular ruler, who supported reforms in education, agriculture, transportation, and public health. She also promoted the abolition of slavery, which was still a widespread institution in Brazil. In 1871, she signed the Free Womb Law, which granted freedom to all children born to slave mothers. In 1885, she signed the Sexagenarian Law, which freed all slaves over 60 years old. Finally, in 1888, she signed the Golden Law, which abolished slavery in Brazil without any compensation to the slave owners. This law earned her the nickname of "the Redemptress" and the gratitude of the former slaves, but also the resentment of the powerful planters and the military. In 1889, a military coup d'état overthrew the monarchy and proclaimed the Republic of Brazil. Isabel and her family were exiled to France, where they lived in the Château d'Eu. Isabel never renounced her rights to the throne, and was recognized as the head of the Imperial House of Brazil by the monarchist movement. She hoped to return to Brazil one day, but she died in 1921 from pneumonia. Her remains were repatriated to Brazil in 1953 and buried in the Cathedral of Petrópolis. She is regarded as one of the most influential and beloved figures in Brazilian history.

  • 6. Prudente de Morais

    Died: 1902 A.D
    Slogan: The people are the true owners of power

    Prudente de Morais was a Brazilian politician and lawyer who was the first civilian president of Brazil and the first elected by direct popular vote. He was also the president of the Constituent Congress that drafted and approved the 1891 Constitution. He served as president from 1894 to 1898, during which he faced several challenges, such as the War of Canudos, a peasant revolt in the northeast, a diplomatic crisis with Portugal, and an assassination attempt. He was known for his honesty, moderation, and respect for the constitution. He was also a founder and member of the Republican Party of São Paulo (PRP) and later the Federal Republican Party (PRF). He was a defender of democracy and federalism. He died of pneumonia in 1902, at the age of 61.

  • 7. Joaquim Jose da Silva Xavier

    Died: 1792 A.D
    Slogan: I am ready to give my life for this cause.

    Joaquim José da Silva Xavier, also known as Tiradentes, was a Brazilian patriot and revolutionary who organized and led the first major uprising against Portuguese colonial rule in Brazil. He was born in 1746 in a farm near the town of São João del-Rei, in the province of Minas Gerais. He was the fourth of seven children of a Portuguese father and a Brazilian mother. He received some education from his godfather, who was a dentist, and learned various trades, such as peddler, miner, pharmacist, and doctor. He also became a member of the colonial militia, where he reached the rank of alferes (lieutenant). He was influenced by the ideas of the Enlightenment and the American and French revolutions, and became dissatisfied with the oppressive taxation and exploitation imposed by the Portuguese crown on the Brazilian colonists. He joined a secret society of intellectuals, landowners, priests, and military officers, who planned to overthrow the colonial government and establish an independent republic in Brazil. This movement was known as the Inconfidência Mineira, or the Minas Gerais Conspiracy, and Tiradentes was one of its most active and enthusiastic leaders. He traveled across the province to recruit supporters and organize the rebellion. However, the plot was discovered by the authorities in 1789, before it could be carried out. The conspirators were arrested and tried by a royal tribunal. Tiradentes assumed full responsibility for the conspiracy and defended his ideals with eloquence and courage. He was sentenced to death by hanging, along with ten other conspirators, while the rest received lesser punishments. His execution took place on April 21, 1792, in Rio de Janeiro. His body was quartered and his head was displayed in a public square in Vila Rica, the capital of Minas Gerais, as a warning to other potential rebels. Tiradentes was initially forgotten by the Brazilian people, but after the proclamation of the Republic in 1889, he was rediscovered and celebrated as a national hero and a martyr of independence. His name and image became symbols of Brazilian identity and patriotism. He is honored with a public holiday on April 21, and his legacy is commemorated in monuments, museums, streets, and schools throughout the country.

  • 8. Jose Bonifacio de Andrada e Silva

    Died: 1838 A.D
    Slogan: The independence we have already proclaimed; now we need to make it effective.

    José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva was born on June 13, 1763, in Santos, São Paulo, then part of the Portuguese Empire. He studied natural sciences and law at the University of Coimbra in Portugal, where he became a distinguished scholar and professor of geology. He also served as the inspector-general of the Portuguese mines and the secretary of the Lisbon Academy of Sciences. He returned to Brazil in 1819 and became involved in the political movement for independence from Portugal. He supported Prince Regent Pedro, who declared Brazil's independence in 1822 and became Emperor Pedro I. José Bonifácio was appointed as the minister of the interior and of foreign affairs, and he advocated for a constitutional monarchy, public education, abolition of slavery, and a new national capital in the interior. He also wrote poems and essays on various topics, such as history, politics, philosophy, and natural sciences. He discovered four new minerals and named one of them petalite, after the Greek word for leaf. He was also a member of several scientific societies and academies in Europe and America. He faced opposition from both conservative and radical factions in Brazil, and he was dismissed from office in 1823. He was later arrested and exiled for his involvement in a conspiracy against Pedro I, who abdicated in 1831. He returned to Brazil and became the tutor and guardian of Pedro II, the young emperor. He also served as a deputy in the National Assembly, where he defended the rights of the indigenous people and the environment. He contracted tuberculosis in 1836 and died on April 6, 1838, in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro. He is regarded as one of the most important figures in Brazilian history and the "Patriarch of Independence".

  • 9. Antonio Goncalves Dias

    Died: 1864 A.D
    Slogan: My land has palm trees, where the thrush sings; the birds that sing here do not sing.

    Antônio Gonçalves Dias was a Brazilian poet and writer, one of the most important and influential authors of the 19th century in Brazil. He was born in Caxias, Maranhão, in 1823, and studied law at the University of Coimbra, in Portugal, where he was exposed to the Romantic movement. He returned to Brazil in 1845 and began his literary career, publishing his first poetry book, Primeiros Cantos, in 1846. He was one of the founders of the Indianist school of poetry, which idealized the indigenous people and culture of Brazil as symbols of national identity and resistance against colonialism. He wrote several poems inspired by the legends and history of the native Brazilians, such as I-Juca-Pirama, Leito de Folhas Verdes, Canção do Tamoio, and Marabá. He also wrote patriotic and lyrical poems, such as Canção do Exílio, Seus Olhos, and Ainda uma Vez, Adeus. He was also a scholar of Brazilian languages and folklore, and wrote a dictionary of the Tupi language. He died in 1864, at the age of 41, in a shipwreck near the coast of Maranhão, while returning from a diplomatic mission in Europe. He is regarded as the national poet of Brazil and one of the greatest representatives of Brazilian Romanticism.

  • 10. Pele

    Died: 2022 A.D
    Slogan: Success is no accident. It is hard work, and most of all, love of what you are doing

    Pelé was a Brazilian professional footballer who played as a forward. Widely regarded as one of the greatest players of all time, he was among the most successful and popular sports figures of the 20th century. He was named Athlete of the Century by the International Olympic Committee and was included in the Time list of the 100 most important people of the 20th century. He won three FIFA World Cups: 1958, 1962 and 1970, the only player to do so and the youngest player to win a World Cup (17). He was nicknamed O Rei (The King) following the 1958 tournament. He scored 1,279 goals in 1,363 games, which is a Guinness World Record. He played for Santos FC for 18 years, where he won 10 São Paulo state championships, six Brazilian championships, two Copa Libertadores and two Intercontinental Cups. He also played for the New York Cosmos in the North American Soccer League, where he won one championship and helped popularize soccer in the United States. He retired from professional football in 1977, but remained active in sports and humanitarian causes. He was appointed a UNESCO goodwill ambassador in 1993 and a United Nations ambassador for ecology and the environment in 1994. He also served as Brazil's Minister of Sports from 1995 to 1998. He published several autobiographies, starred in documentary and semi-fictional films, and composed musical pieces, including the soundtrack for the film Pelé (1977). He was married three times and had seven children. He died on December 29, 2022, at Albert Einstein Hospital in São Paulo, Brazil, from multiple organ failure due to the progression of colon cancer. He was 82 years old.

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