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Zayed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan Zayed bin Khalifa Al Nahyan 1835 - 1909 the first Zayed of Abu Dhabi
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan 1948 - 2022
Khairy Alzahaby Khairy Alzahaby 1946 - 2022 Novelist, thinker, historian, columnist
Mohammed Bin Hamad Al Sharqi Mohammed Bin Hamad Al Sharqi 1908 - 1974 Former Ruler of Fujairah
Fadhil Barwari Fadhil Barwari 1950 - 2021 general and liaison with UN weapons inspectors
Saqr bin Mohammed Al Qasimi Saqr bin Mohammed Al Qasimi 1918 - 2010 Former Ruler of Ras Al Khaimah.
Ahmad bin Rashid Al Mualla Ahmad bin Rashid Al Mualla 1902 - 1981 Former Ruler of Umm Al Quwain.
Pervez Musharraf Pervez Musharraf 1943 - 2023 Chief of Army Staff and 10th President
Muzahim Saab Hassan Muzahim Saab Hassan 1950 - 2021 liaison with UN weapons inspectors
Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum 1912 - 1990 Former Ruler of Dubai
Sabah Al Fatlawi Sabah Al Fatlawi 1950 - 2018 Iraqi general
Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum 1943 - 2006 first and third prime minister of the United Arab
Sultan bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan Sultan bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan 1953 - 2019 Chairman of the UAE FootballAssociation(1976-1981)
Nabil Maleh Nabil Maleh 1936 - 2016 Film director, screenwriter, producer
Sayed Yousuf Halim Sayed Yousuf Halim 1959 - 2022 Judge
Feras Saied Feras Saied 1981 - 2015 Professional bodybuilder
Farooq Sheikh Farooq Sheikh 1948 - 2013 Actor, film producer, and television presenter
Adnan Pachachi Adnan Pachachi 1923 - 2019 Iraqi Foreign Minister and UN Representative
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan 1918 - 2004 Former Ruler of AbuDhabi,Founding President of UAE
Khalid bin Mohammed Al Qasimi Khalid bin Mohammed Al Qasimi 1931 - 1972 Former Ruler of Sharjah.
Khalid bin Sultan Al Qasimi Khalid bin Sultan Al Qasimi 1980 - 2019 Qasimi fashion label
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Top 10 Died Influential People

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  • 1. Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan

    Died: 2004 A.D
    Slogan:

    Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan(born 1918, Abu Dhabi — died November 2, 2004) Known as the Father of the Nation for his role in forming the United Arab Emirates, the late H. H. Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan was the first President of the UAE. He served this position since the formation of the UAE on 2 December 1971 until he passed away in 2004. He also served as the Ruler of the emirate of Abu Dhabi from 1966 to 2004. Born in the city of Al Ain, Sheikh Zayed was the youngest of the four sons of H. H. Sheikh Sultan bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Ruler of Abu Dhabi from 1922 to 1926. Sheikh Zayed was a good listener and an unbiased dispute mediator. He was also renowned for his patience, vision and wisdom; qualities that earned him the title of ‘the wise man of the Arabs’. He ensured that all UAE citizens are instrumental to the nation's collective success. His vision led the UAE to be the GCC’s second biggest economy after KSA, the third largest in the Middle East and according to many prestigious international reports, the most important financial and economic centre in the region.

  • 2. Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum

    Died: 1990 A.D
    Slogan:

    Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum( 11 June 1912 – 7 October 1990) Sheikh Rashid could be called as the first visionary of the modern UAE. It was during his rule that Dubai grew from a small trading town into a major cosmopolitan city. Sheikh Rashid was born in Dubai in 1912, the same year as his father Sheikh Saeed Al Maktoum became the Ruler of Dubai. He attended the Al Ahmadiya School; his studies included Islamic studies, Arabic and arithmetic. As the first-born son of Sheikh Saeed, Sheikh Rashid involved himself at an early age in the politics of the emirate. He frequently attended his father's Majlis; ever curious, he would listen attentively to each man's problem or opinion. Eager to comprehend the precise details of governance, he spent long hours asking questions to his parents about the events of the day. Sheikh Rashid had exceptional leadership attributes and abilities. He helped his father in all fields; especially the economic affairs. On 10 September 1958, his father Sheikh Saeed passed away. Sheikh Rashid succeeded him and become the Ruler of Dubai in October the same year. Sheikh Rashid’s enthusiasm to put his birthplace on the world map was as boundless as his love for his people. His foresight, wise decision-making and willingness to listen to the opinions of his people, whether they were representatives of influential families or common people, are well documented. The UAE witnessed a significant amount of construction activity in the 1970s, most of which was in Dubai. Sheikh Rashid's participation in the Trucial States Council played a significant role in preparing for the formation of the Union. He worked with Sheikh Zayed to issue the Union Accord between Dubai and Abu Dhabi in February 1968. In 1971, he with late Sheikh Zayed pioneered the efforts that led to the UAE's formation in December 1971. where he was appointed as the Vice-President, and as Prime Minister of UAE in 1979. Sheikh Rashid encouraged democracy and quoted: “Every citizen in this country has the opportunity to express their opinion frankly and clearly and to criticise the government as well.”

  • 3. Khalid bin Mohammed Al Qasimi

    Died: 1972 A.D
    Slogan:

    Sheikh Khalid bin Mohammed Al Qasimi (1931—1972) was an Emirati royal, politician, and a founder of the United Arab Emirates who served as the ruler of the Emirate of Sharjah, from 1965 until his assassination in 1972. biography: Sheikh Khalid acceded as ruler of Sharjah following the exile of his cousin, Sheikh Saqr bin Sultan Al Qasimi, who was removed as ruler of Sharjah with the unanimous consent of the ruling family, under pressure from the British.[3] His status as ruler was confirmed by William Luce, the British political resident in Bahrain, on 25 June 1965.[4] A quiet and unassuming man,[3] Khalid first established a formal police force in Sharjah and was also to play a key role as a participant in the negotiations and agreements which gave rise to the foundation of the United Arab Emirates on 2 December 1971. He was also responsible for the demolition of Sharjah Fort, in an attempt to extirpate the memory of Saqr. The demolition was interrupted by his brother, Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi, who saved many of the fixtures and made drawings of the building. Arriving too late to save most of the fort, he nevertheless persuaded his brother to cease the demolition. All that remained was a single tower, Al Qubs - also called the 'Bourj'. Some twenty years later, Sheikh Sultan had the fort completely - and faithfully - restored. On 24 January 1972, Saqr returned to Sharjah from Egypt, where he had been exiled, with a number of mercenaries and seized power in an attempted coup. The group invaded the Ruler's palace at approximately 2.30 pm, with reports of gunfire and grenade explosions within the palace grounds. Besieged by the Union Defence Force, which arrived an hour later, Saqr finally gave himself up in the early hours of 25 January to UAE Minister of Defence, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. However, Sheikh Khalid was killed in the action. Sheikh Khalid was succeeded as Ruler of Sharjah by his brother, Sheikh Sultan bin Muhammad Al-Qasimi.

  • 4. Rashid Bin Huami Al Nuami

    Died: 1981 A.D
    Slogan:

    Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuaimi was born in 1902 in the Emirate of Ajman. He was the ruler of Ajman since 1928. He is the founder of the modern Emirate of Ajman. He established Ajman Police in 1967, and participated in the formation of the Union . He signed the interim Constitution on December 2nd 1971, and made Ajman a part of the United Arab Emirates. He joined the Supreme Council of the Union as a member. He died on Sunday , September 6th 1981 , and was succeeded by his son , Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuami. Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuaimi was the Ruler of Ajman for 54 years, beginning in 1928 as the ninth ruler of the emirate. Since the age of eight, Sheikh Rashid started to acquire the skills of leadership from his father, who ruled the emirate since 1910. Sheikh Rashid brought a renaissance that led to the prosperity of the emirate. Under his leadership, Ajman became the first emirate to issue its own passports. In 1958, Sheikh Rashid formalised an education system in the emirate, which had until that time relied on volunteering teachers and traditional methods. Some of his other initiatives were: He established the Ajman Police Department in 1967. establishing a science institute adopting civil and Islamic jurisprudence providing free health care creating an electric grid and network of water pipelines

  • 5. Ahmad bin Rashid Al Mualla

    Died: 1981 A.D
    Slogan:

    Sheikh Ahmad bin Rashid Al Mualla (1902 - 1981) assumed his position as the Ruler of Umm Al Quwain in 1928. It is believed that he was 18 when he became the Ruler. Sheikh Ahmed acquired the experience of ruling the country and his people from his father H. H. Sheikh Rashid Al Mualla, who ruled Umm Al Quwain for almost 25 years. During Sheikh Ahmed’s rule, the emirate enjoyed great stability despite its limited resources. He established the first school and hospital in Umm Al Quwain, had the emirate's first roads paved and built a police and public security department. He was a great figure who worked for the betterment of his citizens. Sheikh Ahmad was an Emirati royal, politician, and a founder of the United Arab Emirates who served as the ruler of the emirate of Umm Al Quwain from 1929 to 1981. He is the father of Sheikh Rashid bin Ahmad Al Mualla II. He assumed his position after the assassination of his cousin, Sheikh Hamad bin Ibrahim Al Mualla in 1929. In his old age, the emirate joined the federation of the UAE in 1971. The first school and hospital in the emirate was established in his time. The late Sheikh Rashid was the tenth in the line of the Rulers of the Emirate of Umm Al-Quwain, which was established as a separate Emirate in 1775 by Sheikh Majid al-Mualla. He assumed his position in 1928 and remained till 1981. Under Sheikh Ahmed Bin Rashid Al Mualla rulership, the emirate witnessed stability and peace. He had a dream of developing his emirate and make a haven place for all people. In May 1968 Sheikh Ahmed gave directives for the establishment of Umm Al Quwain Municipality. After that, the emirate's police department was established bringing more security and stability to the emirate. The first school and hospital in the emirate were also established in his time. In his old age, the emirate joined the federation of the UAE in 1971. Sheikh Ahmed bin Rashid Al Mualla passed away on the 21st of February 1981.

  • 6. Saqr bin Mohammed Al Qasimi

    Died: 2010 A.D
    Slogan:

    Sheikh Saqr bin Mohammed al-Qasimi of Ras al-Khaimah, who has died aged 92, was the world's longest-serving ruler. He oversaw the transformation of that Arab emirate, strategically located in the north, from a sleepy backwater dependent on a declining pearling and fishing industry into what is today one of the fastest growing and economically diverse parts of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). For generations, the al-Qasimi royal family, who were in the 19th century branded as pirates by Britain's imperial naval commanders, maintained a fierce independence from their neighbours. Saqr agreed only reluctantly to allow Ras al-Khaimah (RAK) to become part of the UAE in 1972. Being linked to larger and wealthier emirates such as Abu Dhabi and Dubai nonetheless proved useful, as RAK failed to discover significant reserves of oil or gas of its own and has therefore at times depended on federal subsidies. Born in RAK, Saqr was one of the sons of Sheikh Mohammed, who ruled only briefly before being sidelined by the British in favour of his supposedly more compliant younger brother, Sultan. When Sultan was declared ruler in 1921, the whole emirate had fewer than 15,000 inhabitants, no schools and very little infrastructure, other than a small port in a sheltered creek. Saqr was educated at home by local Islamic clerics, as well as a tutor from the Najd region of Saudi Arabia, becoming a noted scholar in the teachings of the Qur'an and the Hadith, or sayings and deeds of the prophet Muhammad. He also became passionate about history – later teasing British officials about the way London had ordered HMS Liverpool to bombard RAK's capital in 1819 – and he honed his skills in the traditional sport of falconry. More than one British official referred to the tenacious Saqr as a "wily old bird" and it was true that he demonstrated considerable political skill, even cunning. After ousting his uncle Sultan in a bloodless coup in 1948, he then set about uniting and winning the loyalty of his emirate's disparate population, which included fishers, bedouin and indigenous mountain tribes. He also angrily disputed what he said was the illegal Iranian occupation of three islands that had traditionally been under al-Qasimi control. Thanks partly to exploration fees from foreign oil companies, Saqr was able to fund the establishment of schools for boys and girls, a hospital and the expansion of the port. But the failure to find much oil meant RAK instead relied increasingly on the exploitation of minerals in its Hajar mountains and the production and export of ceramics. When Harold Wilson's Labour government started Britain's withdrawal from East of Suez in the late 1960s, the Trucial States or Arabian Gulf protectorates, which included RAK, decided that they needed to unite if they were to cope with independence. Bahrain and Qatar chose to go their own way, and it took a year to persuade Saqr that RAK should become an integral part of the UAE. These negotiations centred on how much clout RAK would have within the new federation, despite its relative poverty, and most observers agreed that Saqr brokered rather a good deal. For many years, Saqr, his various wives and a growing number of children inhabited an old fort, which is now an ethnographic museum. He largely eschewed the extravagant trappings of royalty savoured by some of his Emirati counterparts and as he gradually outlived them, he acquired enhanced status in the region. In the 1980s, he handed much of the day-to-day running of RAK to his eldest son, Khalid, who oversaw much of the emirate's modernisation. It therefore came as something of a shock in 2003 when Saqr replaced Khalid with his younger half-brother, Saud, who has effectively run the emirate ever since. Khalid went into exile in Muscat and Sharjah, but returned to RAK on learning of his father's death, in order to stake his claim to be the rightful heir. Saud has been accused by critics of snuggling up too closely to Iran, from which RAK is separated by the narrow Strait of Hormuz, through which a significant proportion of the world's oil tankers pass. As the UAE is one of the US's closest allies in the region, this has caused certain diplomatic tensions, though how much Saqr was aware of this during his long years of illness is a matter for conjecture. Saqr is believed to be survived by some of his wives and at least four sons and two daughters. Sheikh Saqr bin Mohammed al-Qasimi, ruler of Ras al-Khaimah, born 1918; died 27 October 2010...

  • 7. Mohammed Bin Hamad Al Sharqi

    Died: 1974 A.D
    Slogan:

    Sheikh Mohammed bin Hamada Al Sharqi (1908-1974) ruled Fujairah from about 1937 to 1974. He believed in a separate identity of Fujairah, which was finally acknowledged by Britain in 1952. Sheikh Mohammed Bin Hamad Bin Abdullah Al Sharqi’s father is one of the famous courageous and strong leaders in the region. His maternal grandfather is Mohammed Bin Yarub Bin Ahmed Bin Sultan who is a well-known Yarubi leader. He took up the reins of government in the Emirate of Fujairah in 1938 following the death of his brother Sheikh Seif Bin Hamad Bin Abdulla. He was known for his generosity, kindness and affection to his people. He used to come to their rescue, pay off their debts and make their lives easier. Since he assumed power, he exerted all efforts to develop his Emirate and was instrumental in its major administrative revival. He established the Municipality Council, the Court and opened the first formal school (Al Sabahiya School), in Fujairah, (1961-1962). He opened the first medical clinic and the first hospital in 1967. He took care of agriculture and allocated plots of land to citizens. He promoted fishing and supported fishermen. He established the transport network and a series of internal roads to facilitate movement between the cities and villages of Fujairah. During his rule, the Emirate enjoyed independence and sovereignty, and witnessed major development. Sheikh Mohammed appointed his son Hamad Bin Mohammed Al Sharqi as Crown Prince and Chairman of Police and Public Security to assist him in running Fujairah affairs. He was deeply convinced that the real wealth is the educated and trained citizens who are capable of shouldering the responsibility of planning and implementing development projects. He was famous for his Arab traditional costume: the white checkered scarf and the black head cord. He was humble, generous and fond of poetry. He was an advocate of justice and keen on fair trade, especially adjusting scales in markets. During his rule, the Fujairah Gazette was issued and the Sharia Court was established, both in 1969. Sheikh Mohammed Bin Hamad Al Sharqi welcomed the notion of the union and played a favorable role together with his fellow rulers of the other Emirates in proclaiming the federation state. He participated in its establishment on December 2, 1971. He signed the UAE constitution and embarked on the huge construction journey that the UAE witnessed in general and Fujairah in particular in all fields. After a life journey of great efforts and giving, Sheikh Mohammed Bin Hamad Al Sharqi passed away in a hospital in London, where he was receiving treatment, on Tuesday September 17, 1974. He left behind a legacy of countless achievements. The UAE was shocked by his death. His stately funeral was led by Sheikh Zayed and Their Highnesses the Rulers of the Emirates, together with Their Highnesses the Sheikhs, Their Excellencies the Ministers and a large number of the UAE people. His son Hamad succeeded him and took the reins of government in Fujairah, during whose rule the Emirate has witnessed a major revival in all fields. Some of his other initiatives include: setting up the first primary school, which opened in 1961 with 90 students establishing a deal with the British in 1965 to create an airport setting up the first dispensary, opened in 1969

  • 8. muhammad rasool allah prophet

    Died: 632 A.D
    Slogan: I loved Khadija and I also loved my daughter Zahra

    Muhammad was the prophet and founder of Islam. Most of his early life was spent as a merchant. At age 40, he began to have revelations from Allah that became the basis for the Koran and the foundation of Islam. By 630 he had unified most of Arabia under a single religion. As of 2015, there are over 1.8 billion Muslims in the world who profess, “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet.”Muhammad was born around 570, AD in Mecca (now in Saudi Arabia). His father died before he was born and he was raised first by his grandfather and then his uncle. He belonged to a poor but respectable family of the Quraysh tribe. The family was active in Meccan politics and trade.Many of the tribes living in the Arabian Peninsula at the time were nomadic, trading goods as they crisscrossed the desert. Most tribes were polytheistic, worshipping their own set of gods. The town of Mecca was an important trading and religious center, home to many temples and worship sites where the devoted prayed to the idols of these gods. The most famous site was the Kaaba (meaning cube in Arabic). It is believed to have been built by Abraham (Ibrahim to Muslims) and his son Ismail. Gradually the people of Mecca turned to polytheism and idolatry. Of all the gods worshipped, it is believed that Allah was considered the greatest and the only one without an idol.In his early teens, Muhammad worked in a camel caravan, following in the footsteps of many people his age, born of meager wealth. Working for his uncle, he gained experience in commercial trade traveling to Syria and eventually from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean. In time, Muhammad earned a reputation as honest and sincere, acquiring the nickname “al Amin” meaning faithful or trustworthy.In his early 20s, Muhammad began working for a wealthy merchant woman named Khadijah, 15 years his senior. She soon became attracted to this young, accomplished man and proposed marriage. He accepted and over the years the happy union brought several children. Not all lived to adulthood, but one, Fatima, would marry Muhammad’s cousin, Ali ibn Abi Talib, whom Shi’ite Muslims regard as Muhammad’s successor.Muhammad was also very religious, occasionally taking journeys of devotion to sacred sites near Mecca. On one of his pilgrimages in 610, he was meditating in a cave on Mount Jabal aI Nour. The Angel Gabriel appeared and relayed the word of God: Recite in the name of your Lord who creates, creates man from a clot! Recite for your lord is most generous…. These words became the opening verses of surah (chapter) 96 of the Quran. Most Islamic historians believe Muhammad was initially disturbed by the revelations and that he didn’t reveal them publicly for several years. However, Shi’a tradition states he welcomed the message from the Angel Gabriel and was deeply inspired to share his experience with other potential believers.Islamic tradition holds that the first persons to believe were his wife, Khadija and his close friend Abu Bakr (regarded as the successor to Muhammad by Sunni Muslims). Soon, Muhammad began to gather a small following, initially encountering no opposition. Most people in Mecca either ignored him or mocked him as just another prophet. However, when his message condemned idol worship and polytheism, many of Mecca’s tribal leaders began to see Muhammad and his message as a threat. Besides going against long standing beliefs, the condemnation of idol worship had economic consequences for merchants who catered to the thousands of pilgrims who came to Mecca every year. This was especially true for members of Muhammad’s own tribe, the Quraysh, who were the guardians of the Kaaba. Sensing a threat, Mecca’s merchants and leaders offered Muhammad incentives to abandon his preaching, but he refused.Increasingly, the resistance to Muhammed and his followers grew and they were eventually forced to emigrate from Mecca to Medina, a city 260 miles to the north in 622. This event marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. There Muhammad was instrumental in bringing an end to a civil war raging amongst several of the city’s tribes. Muhammad settled in Medina, building his Muslim community and gradually gathering acceptance and more followers.Between 624 and 628, the Muslims were involved in a series of battles for their survival. In the final major confrontation, The Battle of the Trench and Siege of Medina, Muhammad and his followers prevailed and a treaty was signed. The treaty was broken by the Meccan allies a year later. By now, Muhammad had plenty of forces and the balance of power had shifted away from the Meccan leaders to him. In 630, the Muslim army marched into Mecca, taking the city with minimum casualties. Muhammad gave amnesty to many of the Meccan leaders who had opposed him and pardoned many others. Most of the Meccan population converted to Islam. Muhammad and his followers then proceeded to destroy all of the statues of pagan gods in and around the Kaabe.

  • 9. muhammad rasool allah prophet

    Died: 632 A.D
    Slogan: I loved Khadija and I also loved my daughter Zahra

    Muhammad was the prophet and founder of Islam. Most of his early life was spent as a merchant. At age 40, he began to have revelations from Allah that became the basis for the Koran and the foundation of Islam. By 630 he had unified most of Arabia under a single religion. As of 2015, there are over 1.8 billion Muslims in the world who profess, “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet.”Muhammad was born around 570, AD in Mecca (now in Saudi Arabia). His father died before he was born and he was raised first by his grandfather and then his uncle. He belonged to a poor but respectable family of the Quraysh tribe. The family was active in Meccan politics and trade.Many of the tribes living in the Arabian Peninsula at the time were nomadic, trading goods as they crisscrossed the desert. Most tribes were polytheistic, worshipping their own set of gods. The town of Mecca was an important trading and religious center, home to many temples and worship sites where the devoted prayed to the idols of these gods. The most famous site was the Kaaba (meaning cube in Arabic). It is believed to have been built by Abraham (Ibrahim to Muslims) and his son Ismail. Gradually the people of Mecca turned to polytheism and idolatry. Of all the gods worshipped, it is believed that Allah was considered the greatest and the only one without an idol.In his early teens, Muhammad worked in a camel caravan, following in the footsteps of many people his age, born of meager wealth. Working for his uncle, he gained experience in commercial trade traveling to Syria and eventually from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean. In time, Muhammad earned a reputation as honest and sincere, acquiring the nickname “al Amin” meaning faithful or trustworthy.In his early 20s, Muhammad began working for a wealthy merchant woman named Khadijah, 15 years his senior. She soon became attracted to this young, accomplished man and proposed marriage. He accepted and over the years the happy union brought several children. Not all lived to adulthood, but one, Fatima, would marry Muhammad’s cousin, Ali ibn Abi Talib, whom Shi’ite Muslims regard as Muhammad’s successor.Muhammad was also very religious, occasionally taking journeys of devotion to sacred sites near Mecca. On one of his pilgrimages in 610, he was meditating in a cave on Mount Jabal aI Nour. The Angel Gabriel appeared and relayed the word of God: Recite in the name of your Lord who creates, creates man from a clot! Recite for your lord is most generous…. These words became the opening verses of surah (chapter) 96 of the Quran. Most Islamic historians believe Muhammad was initially disturbed by the revelations and that he didn’t reveal them publicly for several years. However, Shi’a tradition states he welcomed the message from the Angel Gabriel and was deeply inspired to share his experience with other potential believers.Islamic tradition holds that the first persons to believe were his wife, Khadija and his close friend Abu Bakr (regarded as the successor to Muhammad by Sunni Muslims). Soon, Muhammad began to gather a small following, initially encountering no opposition. Most people in Mecca either ignored him or mocked him as just another prophet. However, when his message condemned idol worship and polytheism, many of Mecca’s tribal leaders began to see Muhammad and his message as a threat. Besides going against long standing beliefs, the condemnation of idol worship had economic consequences for merchants who catered to the thousands of pilgrims who came to Mecca every year. This was especially true for members of Muhammad’s own tribe, the Quraysh, who were the guardians of the Kaaba. Sensing a threat, Mecca’s merchants and leaders offered Muhammad incentives to abandon his preaching, but he refused.Increasingly, the resistance to Muhammed and his followers grew and they were eventually forced to emigrate from Mecca to Medina, a city 260 miles to the north in 622. This event marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. There Muhammad was instrumental in bringing an end to a civil war raging amongst several of the city’s tribes. Muhammad settled in Medina, building his Muslim community and gradually gathering acceptance and more followers.Between 624 and 628, the Muslims were involved in a series of battles for their survival. In the final major confrontation, The Battle of the Trench and Siege of Medina, Muhammad and his followers prevailed and a treaty was signed. The treaty was broken by the Meccan allies a year later. By now, Muhammad had plenty of forces and the balance of power had shifted away from the Meccan leaders to him. In 630, the Muslim army marched into Mecca, taking the city with minimum casualties. Muhammad gave amnesty to many of the Meccan leaders who had opposed him and pardoned many others. Most of the Meccan population converted to Islam. Muhammad and his followers then proceeded to destroy all of the statues of pagan gods in and around the Kaabe.

  • 10. muhammad rasool allah prophet

    Died: 632 A.D
    Slogan: I loved Khadija and I also loved my daughter Zahra

    Muhammad was the prophet and founder of Islam. Most of his early life was spent as a merchant. At age 40, he began to have revelations from Allah that became the basis for the Koran and the foundation of Islam. By 630 he had unified most of Arabia under a single religion. As of 2015, there are over 1.8 billion Muslims in the world who profess, “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet.”Muhammad was born around 570, AD in Mecca (now in Saudi Arabia). His father died before he was born and he was raised first by his grandfather and then his uncle. He belonged to a poor but respectable family of the Quraysh tribe. The family was active in Meccan politics and trade.Many of the tribes living in the Arabian Peninsula at the time were nomadic, trading goods as they crisscrossed the desert. Most tribes were polytheistic, worshipping their own set of gods. The town of Mecca was an important trading and religious center, home to many temples and worship sites where the devoted prayed to the idols of these gods. The most famous site was the Kaaba (meaning cube in Arabic). It is believed to have been built by Abraham (Ibrahim to Muslims) and his son Ismail. Gradually the people of Mecca turned to polytheism and idolatry. Of all the gods worshipped, it is believed that Allah was considered the greatest and the only one without an idol.In his early teens, Muhammad worked in a camel caravan, following in the footsteps of many people his age, born of meager wealth. Working for his uncle, he gained experience in commercial trade traveling to Syria and eventually from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean. In time, Muhammad earned a reputation as honest and sincere, acquiring the nickname “al Amin” meaning faithful or trustworthy.In his early 20s, Muhammad began working for a wealthy merchant woman named Khadijah, 15 years his senior. She soon became attracted to this young, accomplished man and proposed marriage. He accepted and over the years the happy union brought several children. Not all lived to adulthood, but one, Fatima, would marry Muhammad’s cousin, Ali ibn Abi Talib, whom Shi’ite Muslims regard as Muhammad’s successor.Muhammad was also very religious, occasionally taking journeys of devotion to sacred sites near Mecca. On one of his pilgrimages in 610, he was meditating in a cave on Mount Jabal aI Nour. The Angel Gabriel appeared and relayed the word of God: Recite in the name of your Lord who creates, creates man from a clot! Recite for your lord is most generous…. These words became the opening verses of surah (chapter) 96 of the Quran. Most Islamic historians believe Muhammad was initially disturbed by the revelations and that he didn’t reveal them publicly for several years. However, Shi’a tradition states he welcomed the message from the Angel Gabriel and was deeply inspired to share his experience with other potential believers.Islamic tradition holds that the first persons to believe were his wife, Khadija and his close friend Abu Bakr (regarded as the successor to Muhammad by Sunni Muslims). Soon, Muhammad began to gather a small following, initially encountering no opposition. Most people in Mecca either ignored him or mocked him as just another prophet. However, when his message condemned idol worship and polytheism, many of Mecca’s tribal leaders began to see Muhammad and his message as a threat. Besides going against long standing beliefs, the condemnation of idol worship had economic consequences for merchants who catered to the thousands of pilgrims who came to Mecca every year. This was especially true for members of Muhammad’s own tribe, the Quraysh, who were the guardians of the Kaaba. Sensing a threat, Mecca’s merchants and leaders offered Muhammad incentives to abandon his preaching, but he refused.Increasingly, the resistance to Muhammed and his followers grew and they were eventually forced to emigrate from Mecca to Medina, a city 260 miles to the north in 622. This event marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. There Muhammad was instrumental in bringing an end to a civil war raging amongst several of the city’s tribes. Muhammad settled in Medina, building his Muslim community and gradually gathering acceptance and more followers.Between 624 and 628, the Muslims were involved in a series of battles for their survival. In the final major confrontation, The Battle of the Trench and Siege of Medina, Muhammad and his followers prevailed and a treaty was signed. The treaty was broken by the Meccan allies a year later. By now, Muhammad had plenty of forces and the balance of power had shifted away from the Meccan leaders to him. In 630, the Muslim army marched into Mecca, taking the city with minimum casualties. Muhammad gave amnesty to many of the Meccan leaders who had opposed him and pardoned many others. Most of the Meccan population converted to Islam. Muhammad and his followers then proceeded to destroy all of the statues of pagan gods in and around the Kaabe.

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