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Afsar Madad Naqvi Afsar Madad Naqvi 1933 - 1997 Sculpture, painting, murals
Ather Shah Khan Jaidi Ather Shah Khan Jaidi 1943 - 2020 Comedian, writer and poet
Arshad Sharif Arshad Sharif 1973 - 2022 Journalist, investigative reporter, anchor
Jamila Hashmi Jamila Hashmi 1929 - 1988 Novelist, playwright, and drama writer
Shabbir Mirza Shabbir Mirza 1946 - 2023 Actor and comedian
Umer Shareef Umer Shareef 1955 - 2021 Comedian, actor, director, producer, writer
Ahmed Faraz Ahmed Faraz 1931 - 2008 Urdu poet, scriptwriter founding Director General
Sarfraz Rafiqui Sarfraz Rafiqui 1935 - 1965 Flying ace and war hero
Afzal Tauseef Afzal Tauseef 1936 - 2014 Writer and columnist
Abdul Malik Kasi Abdul Malik Kasi 1937 - 2021 Minister of Railways and Health
Farooq Leghari Farooq Leghari 1940 - 2010 Eighth president of Pakistan ,last general
Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah 1915 - 2000 Diplomat and politician, first Muslim woman
Attiqur Rahman Attiqur Rahman 1918 - 1996 Poet and scholar of Sindhi literature
Amina Nazli Amina Nazli 1914 - 1996 Writer, editor, and feminist activist
Abdul Wahid Durrani Abdul Wahid Durrani 1917 - 2008 Senior Civil Judge
Asim Jamil Asim Jamil 1990 - 2023 Director of AJW Industry
Mehnaz Begum Mehnaz Begum 1955 - 2013 TV, radio, and film singer
Farhad Humayun Farhad Humayun 1978 - 2021 Founder and lead vocalist of Overload
Liaquat Ali Khan Liaquat Ali Khan 1895 - 1951 First prime minister of Pakistan
Major Muhammad Akram Shaheed Major Muhammad Akram Shaheed 1938 - 1971 Recipient of Nishan-e-Haider
Fazal Haq Mujahid Fazal Haq Mujahid 1954 - 1997 Military and political leader against Soviet Union
Firdous Begum Firdous Begum 1947 - 2020 Film actress and producer
Anna Molka Ahmed Anna Molka Ahmed 1917 - 1994 Painter and poet
Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan 1948 - 1997 Singer and master of Qawwali style
Khalilullah Khalili Khalilullah Khalili 1907 - 1987 Poet, Historian
Chaudhry Mohammad Ali Chaudhry Mohammad Ali 1905 - 1980 Fourth Prime Minister of Pakistan
Fariha Razzaq Haroon Fariha Razzaq Haroon 1956 - 2018 Journalist, academic, and script-writer
Aitzaz Hasan Aitzaz Hasan 1998 - 2014 Student who sacrificed his life to stop a suicide
Ishfaq Ahmad Khan Ishfaq Ahmad Khan 1930 - 2018 Nuclear physicist and metallurgical engineer
Ahmad Mallah, Haji Ahmad Mallah, Haji 1877 - 1969 Poet and translator of the Quran
Bano Qudsia Bano Qudsia 1928 - 2017 Writer, playwright and intellectual
Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali 1944 - 2020 15th Prime Minister of Pakistan
General Muhammad Zia ul Haq General Muhammad Zia ul Haq 1924 - 1988 Sixth President and Chief Martial Law
Rakhshanda Khattak Rakhshanda Khattak 1947 - 2011 Model and actress
Rahimuddin Khan Rahimuddin Khan 1926 - 2022 Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee
Suraiya Shahab Suraiya Shahab 1945 - 2019 Journalist, poet, and script-writer
Dadi Leela Dadi Leela 1916 - 2017 Music teacher and women's rights activist
General Agha Muhammed Yahya Khan General Agha Muhammed Yahya Khan 1917 - 1980 Third President ,Chief Martial Law Administrator
Saneeya Hussain Saneeya Hussain 1954 - 2005 Journalist, environmentalist, and editor
Amjad Sabri Amjad Sabri 1976 - 2016 Qawwali singer and Sufi proponent
Inayat Hussain Bhatti Inayat Hussain Bhatti 1928 - 1999 Film playback singer, film actor, producer
Nayyara Noor Nayyara Noor 1950 - 2022 Ghazal singer
Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui 1938 - 2017 Chief Justice of Pakistan
Abdul Ghafoor Majna Abdul Ghafoor Majna 1938 - 2012 Footballer
Nadira Nadira 1968 - 1995 Film actress and dancer
Syed Ali Nawab Syed Ali Nawab 1925 - 1994 Engineer officer and engineer in chief
Khurram Murad Khurram Murad 1932 - 1996 Islamic scholar and writer
Anwar Shemza Anwar Shemza 1928 - 1985 Painter and writer
Asif Nawaz Janjua Asif Nawaz Janjua 1937 - 1993 Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan
Yaqoob Atif Yaqoob Atif 1945 - 2023 Singer and actor
Hajra Masroor Hajra Masroor 1930 - 2012 Writer, feminist and activist
Bashir Mirza Bashir Mirza 1941 - 2000 Painter and artist
Mirza Adeeb Mirza Adeeb 1914 - 1999 Dramatist and short story writer
Asad Abbas Asad Abbas 1985 - 2023 Singer and winner of Pakistan Sangeet Icon
Mazhar Kaleem Mazhar Kaleem 1942 - 2018 Writer, playwright and broadcaster
Zeenat Abdullah Channa Zeenat Abdullah Channa 1919 - 1974 Writer, educationist, and editor
Amir Mehdi Amir Mehdi 1913 - 1999 High altitude porter
Khalid Iqbal Khalid Iqbal 1929 - 2014 Painter and sculptor
Chaudhry Fazal Ellahi Chaudhry Fazal Ellahi 1904 - 1982 Fifth President of Pakistan
Ismael Shah Ismael Shah 1962 - 1992 Film actor
Khawaja Nazimuddin Khawaja Nazimuddin 1894 - 1964 Second Governor-General and Prime Minister
Faheem Hussain Faheem Hussain 1942 - 2009 Theoretical physicist and professor
Mehdi Hassan Mehdi Hassan 1927 - 2012 Ghazal singer and playback singer
Chaudhry Aslam Khan Chaudhry Aslam Khan 1967 - 2014 Police officer and head of the Anti-Extremist
Fazal Mahmood Fazal Mahmood 1927 - 2005 Leg spin bowler
Gohar Ayub Khan Gohar Ayub Khan 1937 - 2023 Foreign minister
Anwarul Haq Anwarul Haq 1917 - 1995 Chief Justice of Pakistan and member
Faiz Ahmad Faiz Faiz Ahmad Faiz 1911 - 1984 Poet and journalist
Askari Mian Irani Askari Mian Irani 1940 - 2004 Painter and art activist
Alamgir Khan Tareen Alamgir Khan Tareen 1959 - 2023 Businessman and founder of Multan Sultans
Sadequain Sadequain 1930 - 1987 Painter and poet
Sumaira Zareen Sumaira Zareen 1923 - 1997 Short story writer
Chaudhry Muhammad Zafarullah Khan Chaudhry Muhammad Zafarullah Khan 1893 - 1985 First Foreign Minister of Pakistan
Umer Sharif Umer Sharif 1955 - 2021 actor, director, producer, writer, singer
Ghazala Javed Ghazala Javed 1988 - 2012 Pashto playback singer
Malik Ghulam Muhammad Malik Ghulam Muhammad 1895 - 1956 Third Governor-General of Pakistan
Rahimullah Yusufzai Rahimullah Yusufzai 1954 - 2021 Journalist, political and security analyst
Khalid Saeed Butt Khalid Saeed Butt 1948 - 2023 Painter and miniaturist
Rizwan Wasti Rizwan Wasti 1937 - 2011 Television actor, banker, and newscaster
Shahida Qazi Shahida Qazi 1944 - 2023 Journalist, academic, and script-writer
Arthur Nayyar Arthur Nayyar 1950 - 2016 Playback singer, ghazal singer
Mohammed Ikramullah Mohammed Ikramullah 1903 - 1963 Foreign secretary and ambassador
Abdul Qadeer Khan Abdul Qadeer Khan 1936 - 2021 Founder of Pakistan's nuclear weapons program
Razia Butt Razia Butt 1924 - 2012 Novelist, playwright, and drama writer
Naushaba Burney Naushaba Burney 1932 - 2016 Journalist, social activist, and editor
Abdul Rahman Pazhwak Abdul Rahman Pazhwak 1919 - 1995 Diplomat, Poet
Muhammad Mehmood Alam Muhammad Mehmood Alam 1935 - 2013 Flying ace and war hero
Amin Ahsan Islahi Amin Ahsan Islahi 1904 - 1997 Author of Tadabbur-i-Quran
Jack Britto Jack Britto 1926 - 2013 Cricketer
Haseena Moin Haseena Moin 1941 - 2021 Screenwriter and playwright of social
Sadaf Naeem Sadaf Naeem 1982 - 2022 Journalist, news reporter, model, and TV host
Nazar ul Islam Nazar ul Islam 1939 - 1994 Film director and filmmaker
Fahmida Hussain Fahmida Hussain 1948 - 2020 Writer, feminist, and linguist
Obaidullah Aleem Obaidullah Aleem 1939 - 1998 Poet and activist who opposed martial law
Aliya Nazir Aliya Nazir 1976 - 2023 Fashion designer and co-founder
Sara Shagufta Sara Shagufta 1954 - 1984 Poet
Annie Ali Khan Annie Ali Khan 1980 - 2018 Journalist and author
Qazi Ashfaq Qazi Ashfaq 1967 - 2001 Footballer
Akbar Khan Akbar Khan 1946 - 2023 Actor, painter and sculptor
Mohammad Ali Jinnah Mohammad Ali Jinnah 1876 - 1948 Founder and first governor-general of Pakistan
Zia Muhiuddin Zia Muhiuddin 1931 - 2023 Actor, broadcaster and poet
Faisal Masud Faisal Masud 1958 - 2021 Director of Exemplar Care
Ali Sadpara Ali Sadpara 1976 - 2021 Mountaineer and adventurer
Ghulam Dastagir Alam Ghulam Dastagir Alam 1937 - 2000 Theoretical physicist and professor
Majid Jahangir Majid Jahangir 1949 - 2023 Comic actor
Mumtaz Hamid Rao Mumtaz Hamid Rao 1941 - 2011 Journalist, writer, editor-in-chief
Rukhsana Noor Rukhsana Noor 1959 - 2017 Journalist, poet, and script-writer
Sahabzada Yaqub Khan Sahabzada Yaqub Khan 1920 - 2016 Foreign Minister of Pakistan
Hanif Mohammad Hanif Mohammad 1934 - 2016 Opening batsman
Maqbool Ahmed Sabri Maqbool Ahmed Sabri 1945 - 2011 Qawwali singer, member of the Sabri Brothers
Wali ur Rehman Wali ur Rehman 1970 - 2013 Senior commander of the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan
Ali Sufiyan Afaqi Ali Sufiyan Afaqi 1933 - 2015 Journalist, film producer, director, writer
Ghulam Ishaq Khan Ghulam Ishaq Khan 1915 - 2006 Seventh president of Pakistan
Benazir Bhutto Benazir Bhutto 1953 - 2007 First woman leader of a Muslim nation
Niaz Ahmed Niaz Ahmed 1945 - 2000 Fast-medium bowler
Junaid Jamshed Junaid Jamshed 1964 - 2016 Qawwali singer and music director
Salimuzzaman Siddiqui Salimuzzaman Siddiqui 1897 - 1994 Organic chemist and natural product researcher
Mamnoon Hussain Mamnoon Hussain 1941 - 2021 12th President of Pakistan
Saadat Hasan Manto Saadat Hasan Manto 1912 - 1955 Short story writer
Mullah Muhammad Omar Mullah Muhammad Omar 1960 - 2013 Supreme Leader of the Islamic Emirate
Ada Jafri Ada Jafri 1924 - 2015 Poet, writer, broadcaster
Jan Mohammad Baloch Jan Mohammad Baloch 1950 - 2012 Boxer and coach
Mujeeb Alam Mujeeb Alam 1948 - 2004 Film playback singer
Mohammad Afzal Khan Mohammad Afzal Khan 1815 - 1867 Emir of Afghanistan
Anwar Pirzada Anwar Pirzada 1939 - 2007 Journalist, columnist, writer
Riaz Khokhar Riaz Khokhar 1942 - 2023 Foreign secretary and ambassador
Najma Sadeque Najma Sadeque 1943 - 2015 Journalist, activist, and writer
Harichand Megha Dalaya Harichand Megha Dalaya 1921 - 2004 Inventor of spray-drying buffalo milk
Ahmed Parvez Ahmed Parvez 1926 - 1979 Painter
Masood Rana Masood Rana 1938 - 1995 Playback singer and ghazal singer
Fatima Surayya Bajia Fatima Surayya Bajia 1930 - 2016 Novelist, playwright, and drama writer
Abdul Hafeez Kardar Abdul Hafeez Kardar 1925 - 1996 Cricketer and politician
Abdul Hafeez Mirza Abdul Hafeez Mirza 1939 - 2021 Tourism worker and educationist
Naseem Thebo Naseem Thebo 1948 - 2012 Writer, teacher
Allama Muhammad Iqbal Allama Muhammad Iqbal 1877 - 1938 Poet, philosopher, and politician
Akhtar Hameed Khan Akhtar Hameed Khan 1914 - 1999 Comilla Model and Orangi Pilot Project
Ashraf Abbasi Ashraf Abbasi 1923 - 2014 Politician and first male Deputy Speaker
Fatima Shah Fatima Shah 1914 - 2002 Physician, social worker, and advocate
Eqbal Mehdi Eqbal Mehdi 1946 - 2008 Painter and artist
Khawaja Khurshid Anwar Khawaja Khurshid Anwar 1912 - 1984 Filmmaker, writer, director and music composer
Uzra Butt Uzra Butt 1917 - 2010 Film actress, director and producer
Alam Lohar Alam Lohar 1928 - 1979 Folk singer and musician
Major Tufail Muhammad Shaheed Major Tufail Muhammad Shaheed 1914 - 1958 Recipient of Nishan-e-Haider
Rubina Qureshi Rubina Qureshi 1940 - 2022 Singer, songwriter and folk icon of Sindhi
Ghulam Muhammad Qasir Ghulam Muhammad Qasir 1944 - 1999 Poet, linguist and scholar
Nasreddin Murat Khan Nasreddin Murat Khan 1904 - 1970 Architect and civil engineer
Saif Ali Janjua Saif Ali Janjua 1922 - 1948 Soldier of the Azad Kashmir Regiment
Zara Abid Zara Abid 1992 - 2020 Model and actress
Zubeida Habib Rahimtoola Zubeida Habib Rahimtoola 1917 - 2015 Social worker, political activist
Qavi Khan Qavi Khan 1932 - 2023 Film, television and stage actor, film producer
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Top 10 Died Influential People

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  • 1. Ahmad Mallah, Haji

    Died: 1969 A.D
    Slogan: Quran is the word of God, the light of guidance,the source of wisdom, and the fountain of knowledge.

    Ahmad Mallah, Haji was a Sindhi poet and translator of the Quran. He was born in a village called Kundi in Badin District, Sindh, in 1877. His father was Nangio Mallah, a farmer and a religious scholar. Ahmad Mallah received his early education from his father and then from various teachers in Sindh. He learned Arabic, Persian, Urdu and English languages. He also studied Islamic sciences and literature. He was a moderate Islamic scholar and a follower of the Chishti Sufi order. He wrote poetry in Sindhi and Urdu languages, and also translated some Persian and Arabic works into Sindhi. His most famous and remarkable work is his poetic translation of the Quran in Sindhi language, which he completed in 1958. He named it Noor-ul-Quran (The Light of the Quran). It is considered to be the first and the best poetic translation of the Quran in Sindhi language. It is also a masterpiece of Sindhi poetry and literature. He also wrote a commentary on his translation, explaining the meanings and interpretations of the Quranic verses. He died in 1969 and was buried in Badin.

  • 2. General Agha Muhammed Yahya Khan

    Died: 1980 A.D
    Slogan: Pakistan is my country and I will defend it.

    General Agha Muhammed Yahya Khan was a Pakistani military officer and politician who served as the third president of Pakistan from 1969 to 1971. He also served as the commander-in-chief of the Pakistan Army from 1966 to 1971. He was born in Peshawar in 1917 to a wealthy family of landowners. He graduated from the Indian Military Academy and was commissioned to the British Indian Army in 1939. He fought in the Second World War in the Mediterranean theatre against the Axis powers and rose to major military positions in the British infantry division. Following the creation of Pakistan in 1947, he was promoted to several ranks in the Pakistan Army. In 1951, he became the commander-in-chief, succeeding General Douglas Gracey. From 1954 to 1958, he served in the civilian government as Defence and Home Minister and supported president Iskandar Ali Mirza's decision to impose martial law against prime minister Feroze Khan's administration on 7 October 1958. Soon after, Yahya had himself declared president, and Mirza was exiled. Yahya reorganized the administration and acted to restore the economy through agrarian reforms and stimulation of industry. Foreign investment was also encouraged. Yahya introduced the system of "basic democracies" in 1960. It consisted of a network of local self-governing bodies to provide a link between the government and the people. A national referendum among all those elected confirmed Yahya as president. He was reelected under this system in 1965, against a strong challenge from an opposition united behind Fatima Jinnah, the sister of Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. When the United States began to rearm India after China's invasion of northern India in 1962, Yahya established close relations with China and received substantial military aid from it. In the meantime, Pakistan's dispute with India over Jammu and Kashmir worsened, culminating in the outbreak of war in 1965. After the Tashkent Declaration ended hostilities, he fell out with Khan and was sacked from government, and in December 1967 he founded the PPP. Bhutto denounced the Yahya Khan regime as a dictatorship and was subsequently imprisoned (1968–69). After the overthrow of the Ayub Khan regime by Gen. Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan, national elections were held in 1970. Although Bhutto and his party won a sweeping electoral victory in West Pakistan, the biggest election winner was the Awami League, an East Pakistan-based party that had campaigned for full autonomy for East Pakistan. Bhutto refused to form a government with this separatist party, causing a nullification of the election. The widespread rioting that followed degenerated into civil war, after which East Pakistan, with the help of India, emerged as the independent state of Bangladesh. Yahya resigned from his office in 1971 and was replaced by his foreign minister, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who put him under house arrest. He died of heart failure in 1980. [1]

  • 3. Faiz Ahmad Faiz

    Died: 1984 A.D
    Slogan: Speak, for your lips are free

    Faiz Ahmad Faiz was a Pakistani poet and author of Punjabi and Urdu literature. He was one of the most celebrated, popular, and influential Urdu writers of his time and his works and ideas remain widely influential today in Pakistan and beyond. He was also a teacher, military officer, trade unionist, and broadcaster. He was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1962 and the Nishan-e-Imtiaz in 1990. He was also nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature four times. He was involved in the Progressive Writers' Movement and the Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case, for which he was imprisoned for four years. He wrote several collections of poetry, such as Naqsh-e-Faryadi, Dast-e-Saba, Zindan-nama, and Nuskha-hai-Wafa. His poems expressed his love for humanity, his longing for freedom, his critique of oppression, and his hope for a better future. He also translated works of other poets, such as Mirza Ghalib, Pablo Neruda, and Bertolt Brecht. He died of a heart attack in Lahore in 1984.

  • 4. Prince Ali Khan

    Died: 1960 A.D
    Slogan: Live and let live

    Prince Ali Khan, also known as Aly Khan, was a Pakistani socialite, racehorse owner and jockey, who was the son of Aga Khan III, the leader of the Nizari Ismaili Muslims, and the father of Aga Khan IV, the current leader. He was born in Turin, Italy, and educated by private tutors in India and France. He joined the French Foreign Legion and the British Army during World War II and was awarded several medals for his service. He was also a prominent figure in the international racing circuit and owned several successful horses. He was married twice, first to Joan Yarde-Buller, an English aristocrat, and later to Rita Hayworth, a famous Hollywood actress. He had three children, one of whom, Prince Karim, succeeded his grandfather as Aga Khan IV in 1957. He was also involved in various philanthropic and diplomatic activities, and served as the Permanent Representative of Pakistan to the United Nations from 1958 to 1960. He died in a car accident near Paris in 1960, at the age of 48. He was buried in Salamiyah, Syria, where his grandfather had established a religious center.

  • 5. Allama Muhammad Iqbal

    Died: 1938 A.D
    Slogan: Raise your selfhood so high that before every decree,God himself asks you: What is your wish?

    Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a poet, philosopher, and politician who is widely regarded as the spiritual father of Pakistan. He is also known as the poet of the East and the sage of the Ummah. He wrote poetry in Urdu and Persian, and is considered to be one of the greatest poets of the modern era. His poetry is infused with Islamic thought and values, and expresses his vision of a cultural and political ideal for the Muslims of British India. He also wrote several books on philosophy, such as The Development of Metaphysics in Persia, The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam, and The Secrets of the Self. He was a strong advocate of Islamic revivalism and Pan-Islamism, and inspired many Muslim leaders and movements across the world. He was also one of the founding members of the Muslim League, the political party that led the Pakistan Movement. He delivered the famous Allahabad Address in 1930, in which he proposed the idea of a separate Muslim state in northwestern India. He also composed the Tarana-e-Milli (Anthem of the Community), which is the national anthem of Pakistan. He was knighted by the British government in 1922, and was awarded the title of Allama (learned) by his admirers. He died in 1938, after suffering from a throat infection for several months. He was buried in Lahore, where his mausoleum is a national monument.

  • 6. Habib Jalib

    Died: 1993 A.D
    Slogan: Poet can definition inside.

    Habib Jalib was a Pakistani poet and activist who opposed martial law, authoritarianism and state oppression. He was born as Habib Ahmad on 24 March 1928 in a village near Hoshiarpur, Punjab, British India. He migrated to Pakistan after the partition of India and worked as a proofreader for Daily Imroze of Karachi. He was a progressive writer and soon started to grab the audience with his enthusiastic recitation of poetry. He wrote in plain language, adopted a simple style and addressed common people and issues. He was a member of the Progressive Writers' Movement and a follower of Marxism. He opposed military coups and administrators and was duly jailed several times. He wrote poems that inspired the masses and challenged the dictatorship. He also wrote songs for films and television dramas. He died on 12 March 1993 in Lahore due to a lung infection. He was awarded the Sitara-e-Imtiaz, the nation's second highest civilian award, in 2009. He is regarded as the poet of the masses and a national hero.

  • 7. Abdus Salam

    Died: 1996 A.D
    Slogan: Scientific thought is the common heritage of all mankind.

    Abdus Salam was a Pakistani theoretical physicist and a professor of physics at the Lahore University of Management Sciences. He received his MSc and PhD in physics from Imperial College London under the supervision of Paul Matthews and Abdus Salam. He worked at various institutions, including the University of Cambridge, Imperial College London, the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Trieste, Italy, and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). He published several research papers in peer-reviewed journals on topics such as electroweak theory, grand unified theory, quantum mechanics, and cosmology. He was also a devout Muslim, who believed that science and religion were compatible and complementary. He quoted the Quran in his Nobel acceptance speech and advocated for the development of science and technology in the Muslim world. He received many awards and honors, including the Smith's Prize, the Adams Prize, the Royal Medal, the Matteucci Medal, the Nishan-e-Imtiaz, and the Copley Medal. He died of Parkinson's disease in Oxford, England, on 21 November 1996. He was 70 years old.

  • 8. Fahmida Riaz

    Died: 2018 A.D
    Slogan: I am not that woman.

    Fahmida Riaz was a Pakistani poet, writer and feminist who was born in Meerut, British India, in 1946. She was the daughter of Riaz-ud-Din Ahmed, an educationist who was involved in developing the modern education system for Sindh province. She moved to Hyderabad, Sindh, with her family after the partition of India in 1947. She studied at the Government College for Women in Hyderabad, and later at the University of Sindh in Jamshoro. She began writing poetry at a young age, and published her first collection of verses, Patthar ki Zuban, in 1967. She married Zafar Ali Ujan, a leftist political activist, in 1971, and moved to Karachi, where she worked as a newscaster for Radio Pakistan. She also started her own Urdu publication, Awaz, which was known for its liberal and progressive content. She faced censorship and persecution from the military regime of General Zia-ul-Haq, who imposed martial law and Islamic laws in Pakistan in 1977. She and her husband were charged with sedition and imprisoned for a year. They fled to India in 1981, where they lived in exile for seven years. During this time, she wrote her second collection of poetry, Badan Dareeda, which was considered controversial and obscene for its erotic and sensual expressions. She also wrote her first novel, Zinda Bahar, which depicted the lives of women in a patriarchal society. She returned to Pakistan in 1988, after the death of Zia-ul-Haq and the restoration of democracy. She continued to write and publish poetry, fiction, and essays, and also translated works from Sindhi, Persian, and English into Urdu. She was influenced by the writings of Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Jalaluddin Rumi, Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai, and Shaikh Ayaz. She was also an avid reader of English literature and translated some works of Emily Dickinson, Sylvia Plath, and Adrienne Rich into Urdu. She was a prominent voice of the progressive writers' movement and the women's rights movement in Pakistan. She was also a critic of religious extremism, nationalism, and patriarchy. She received several awards and honors for her literary contributions, including the Pride of Performance in 2010, the Kamal-e-Fun Award in 2013, and the Lifetime Achievement Award by the Karachi Literature Festival in 2017. She died of cardiac arrest in Lahore on 21 November 2018, at the age of 72.

  • 9. Anna Molka Ahmed

    Died: 1994 A.D
    Slogan: Daylight after night. Spring when birds sing. Sunshine after rain. So with life's pain.

    Anna Molka Ahmed was a Pakistani artist and poet who lived in Lahore, Pakistan. Her work has been exhibited in art museums and galleries in Pakistan and the United States, as well as Britain, Japan, Jordan, and Switzerland. Her paintings are part of the permanent collections at the Tate, the British Museum, the Metropolitan Museum, the Guggenheim Abu Dhabi, and others. She was also an accomplished writer, having written hundreds of rubaiyat in the style of Omar Khayyam and Sarmad Kashani. She was part of a broader Islamic art movement that emerged independently across North Africa and parts of Asia in the 1950s and known as the Hurufiyya movement. She rejected Western art concepts, and instead searched for a new visual language that reflected her own culture and heritage. She transformed calligraphy into a modern aesthetic, which was both contemporary and indigenous. She painted classical literature from the poetic verses of Ghalib, Iqbal, and Faiz. She received the Tamgha-e-Imtiaz (Medal of Excellence) in 1963 and the Pride of Performance Award in 1969 by the President of Pakistan. She was born Molly Bridger to Jewish parents, in London, England on 13 August 1917. Her mother was Polish and father was Russian. She converted to Islam at the age of 18 in 1935, before marrying Sheikh Ahmed in October 1939, who was then studying in London. She studied painting, sculpture and design at St. Martin School of Arts in London, and received a scholarship to the Royal Academy of Art. She moved to Lahore in 1940 and, besides painting, taught fine art at the University of the Punjab. She divorced her husband in 1951, but remained in Pakistan with her two daughters until her death on 20 April 1994. She was 76 years old.

  • 10. Aitzaz Hasan

    Died: 2014 A.D
    Slogan: I am always ready for my country.

    Aitzaz Hasan was a Pakistani student who died on 6 January 2014 while preventing a suicide bomber from entering a school at Hangu village. More than 2,000 students were attending classes at the time of the incident. The institute was later renamed to Aitzaz Hasan Shaheed High School. His death anniversary is observed annually throughout Pakistan on 6 January. Aitzaz was outside the school gate of his Government High School, Ibrahimzai, in Hangu, with two other schoolmates. Aitzaz had not been allowed to attend the morning assembly due to his tardiness that day. A 20-to-25-year-old man approached the gate and stated he was there to "take admission". One of the students noticed a detonator on the man's vest, whereupon Aitzaz's schoolmates ran inside, possibly to raise the alarm, while Aitzaz confronted the suicide bomber, who then detonated his vest. Aitzaz died at the scene. No other students were harmed. Aitzaz's story led to an outpouring of emotion on television and on social media, where the hashtag onemillionaitzazs trended on Twitter. A Facebook page was set up in tribute to his act. Aitzaz's father said that his son made a sacrifice to save the lives of others: "My son made his mother cry but saved hundreds of mothers from crying for their children." Scores of people attended his funeral to pay their respects. A floral wreath was laid on the grave of Aitzaz Hasan on behalf of the Pakistani Army chief. Aitzaz was hailed as a national hero and a martyr by the Pakistani government, media, and public. He was posthumously awarded the Sitara-e-Shujaat (Star of Bravery), the highest civilian award for bravery in Pakistan. He was also named as the Herald 's Person of the Year for 2014. He received tributes from various national and international figures, including Malala Yousafzai, who called him "brave and courageous". A biographical film, Salute, was released in 2016, based on his life and sacrifice.

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